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Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face, Part 1: Identity

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on March 26, 2015

Part 1: Identity Part 2: Faultlines Part 3: Extremism Part 4: Boko Haram Part 5: Strategies for combating extremism Part 6: Military professionalism Part 7: Maritime security Part 8: Governance After a hard-fought and competitive election, Muhammadu Buhari became Nigeria’s 4th democratically elected president. Observers from around the world commended Nigeria for the smooth transition... Continue Reading

Combating Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea

Africa Security Brief No. 30   published by Adeniyi Adejimi Osinowo on February 28, 2015

Stronger national, regional, and international political commitments are needed to reverse the worsening trend of maritime insecurity in the Gulf of Guinea.

Lessons from Burundi’s Security Sector Reform Process

Africa Security Brief No. 29   published by Nicole Ball on November 30, 2014

Burundi’s SSD program proactively addresses the politics of reform at the policy and operational levels, and can inform other African SSR initiatives.

Mitigating Radicalism in Northern Nigeria

Africa Security Brief No. 26   published by Michael Olufemi Sodipo on August 31, 2013

Mitigating radicalism, in northern Nigeria as elsewhere, requires a sustained approach targeting every stage of the radicalization spectrum.

Unfinished Business: A Framework for Peace in the Great Lakes

Africa Security Brief No. 21   published by Rigobert Minani Bihuzo on July 31, 2012

Despite numerous peace agreements, Africa’s Great Lakes region has been in a persistent state of conflict for the past two decades. The contributions and shortcomings of some of the most significant previous peace initiatives, however, offer vital lessons as to how to mitigate the local level tensions, national political dynamics, and competing regional interests that have led to recurring outbreaks of violence.

Boko Haram’s Evolving Threat

Africa Security Brief No. 20   published by J. Peter Pham on April 30, 2012

Support for Boko Haram among some of northern Nigeria’s marginalized Muslim communities suggests that security actions alone will be insufficient to quell the instability.

Sifting Through the Layers of Insecurity in the Sahel: The Case of Mauritania

Africa Security Brief No. 15   published by Cédric Jourde on September 30, 2011

Increasing narcotrafficking and a more active Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb are elevating concerns over instability in the Sahel. However, the region’s threats are more complex than what is observable on the surface. Rather, security concerns are typically characterized by multiple, competing, and fluctuating interests at the local, national, and regional levels. Effectively responding to these threats requires in-depth understanding of the multiple contextual layers in which illicit actors operate.

Nigeria’s Pernicious Drivers of Ethno-Religious Conflict

Africa Security Brief No. 14   published by Chris Kwaja on July 31, 2011

Download this Brief as a PDF: English | Français | Português Summary Nigeria’s long-running “indigene-settler” conflict in and around Jos, Plateau State has escalated in recent years and may spread to other ethnically mixed regions of the country, heightening instability. Navigating such inter-communal fault lines is a common challenge for many African societies that requires... Continue Reading

Additional Reading on Environment and Security

Recommended research   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on February 14, 2010

Climate Violence? By Clionadh Raleigh, Oxford Martin School, May 11, 2017 “Climate change causing conflict” arguments are not supported by the evidence. There is no evidence, for example, that pastoralist versus farmer conflicts in Africa are due to climate change. There is, however, much evidence that these conflicts are the result of government interference in... Continue Reading

National Security Strategy Development and Implementation

Program  

National Security Strategy Development and Implementation is a one-week program for senior African security sector professionals. This multilateral program provides an opportunity for participants from across the continent to share lessons learned, socialize best practices, and develop key skillsets in support of NSSD within their respective states.

Adapting Peace Operations to Diversified Threats

Program  

This project provides a platform to understand how peace operations are adapting to the changed security environments they increasingly deploy to, and how some of these lessons can develop an African-centric counterinsurgency strategy. This particular set of issues is important because successfully negotiating the new security terrain requires new skills at engaging the community stakeholders, revising... Continue Reading