China in Africa

Xi Jinping with African flags

(Photo: ISS.)

The Africa Center for Strategic Studies has undertaken a series of analyses tracking China in Africa.

The Japan–Africa Forum—Fostering Stability through Peace and Security

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The Tokyo International Conference on African Development—Fostering Stability through Peace and Security

By Paul Nantulya
August 22, 2022

TICAD’s bottom-up, multisectoral, and co-partnership approach is welcome in Africa and offers a model for the value of long-term partnerships to strengthen development, peace, and security.

Considerations for a Prospective New Chinese Naval Base in Africa

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Considerations for a Prospective New Chinese Naval Base in Africa

By Paul Nantulya
May 12, 2022

China's reported plans to add another naval base in Africa raise questions about China's increasingly militarized strategy and may stoke fears of compromised sovereignty amid a new "scramble" for Africa.

Guānxì: Power, Networking, and Influence in China-Africa Relations

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Guānxì: Power, Networking, and Influence in China-Africa Relations

By Paul Nantulya
December 7, 2021

China-Africa relations thrive on interpersonal ties of mutual dependence, obligations, and reciprocity that African elites tend to skew to their benefit at the expense of the public interest.

The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation at 21: Where to Next?

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The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation at 21: Where to Next?

By Paul Nantulya
September 3, 2021

African countries can negotiate a more equitable role in FOCAC, but this requires a more strategically focused approach, better coordination, and greater accountability to their citizens.

Chinese Security Firms Spread along the African Belt and Road

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Chinese Security Firms Spread along the African Belt and Road

By Paul Nantulya
June 15, 2021

The deployment of Chinese security firms in Africa is expanding without a strong regulatory framework. This poses heightened risks to African citizens and raises fundamental questions over responsibility for security in Africa.

Refaçonner l’autonomie de l’Afrique dans ses relations avec la Chine

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Reshaping African Agency in China-Africa Relations

By Paul Nantulya
March 2, 2021

The power imbalance between China and Africa poses a challenge for negotiating equitable investment deals. The interests of African citizens can be strengthened through agreements that are transparent, involve experts, and facilitate public engagement.

Spotlight

China Promotes Its Party-Army Model in Africa

By Paul Nantulya
July 28, 2020

China’s party-army model, whereby the army is subordinate to a single ruling party, is antithetical to the multiparty democratic systems with an apolitical military accountable to elected leaders adopted by most African countries.

Yun Sun discussing China's One Belt One Road

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“China Also Has to Win”: A Discussion with Yun Sun on One Belt, One Road in Africa

October 17, 2019

In an interview with the Africa Center, China expert Yun Sun offers a look at Beijing's engagement with Africa and African governments' evolving expectations of their relationship.

Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway

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Implications for Africa from China’s One Belt One Road Strategy

By Paul Nantulya
March 22, 2019

China's Belt and Road Initiative forges intertwining economic, political, and security ties between Africa and China, advancing Beijing’s geopolitical interests.

Taking Stock of China's Hard Power in Africa

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Chinese Hard Power Supports Its Growing Strategic Interests in Africa

By Paul Nantulya
January 17, 2019

China’s growing military engagement in Africa is aimed at advancing Beijing’s economic and strategic interests, in particular its Belt and Road Initiative.

Grand Strategy and China’s Soft Power Push in Africa

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Grand Strategy and China’s Soft Power Push in Africa

By Paul Nantulya
August 30, 2018

China is doubling down on its soft power initiatives in Africa as part of China's Grand Strategy to tap emerging markets, shape global governance norms, and expand its influence.

Xi Jinping at Forum on China-Africa Cooperation

Spotlight

Pursuing the China Dream through Africa: Five Elements of China’s Africa Strategy

By Paul Nantulya
April 6, 2017

China’s expanding involvement in Africa is an integral piece in President Xi Jinping’s grand strategy to restore the country to its perceived rightful place of global prominence.

Africa Center Experts