Disinformation

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The number of active social media users in Africa has quadrupled from 100 million to over 400 million people since 2016. Three-quarters of these users access the internet through their mobile devices. Users in countries like Nigeria, South Africa, Ghana, and Kenya spend over three hours per day on social media.  Africa’s rapidly shifting information landscape has created asymmetric leverage for anti-democratic actors to propagate false information for political ends. Russia has aggressively exported and honed its disinformation tactics in African countries where it seeks to exercise influence. A growing number of domestic political actors and militant Islamist groups have developed similar tactics to manipulate the content seen by users, harass and drive civil society leaders offline, and confuse citizens with a barrage of intentionally misleading information. These campaigns are becoming better concealed and more sophisticated. Disinformation represents a destabilizing threat to the open and dependable information pathways on which democracies rely.

Video

The State of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations in Africa

February 19, 2024

General Birame Diop assesses the challenging trends facing UN peacekeeping operations in Africa, including loss of host country support, disinformation, and increasingly brazen violent nonstate actors.

Program Materials

Combatting Disinformation: Empowering African Youth for Peace and Security

February 7, 2024

The Africa Center for Strategic Studies and the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) held an academic webinar to increase awareness and knowledge among African youth about disinformation and its effects on security in Africa.

Infographic

Assessing Mali’s Non-Transition

February 2, 2024

The Malian military junta has repeatedly refused to honor its commitments to transition back to a democratic civilian government, resulting in mounting security and economic costs to citizens.

Spotlight

Inflection Point for Africa–Russia Relations after Prigozhin’s Death

By Joseph Siegle
September 6, 2023

By taking over the operations of the Wagner Group after the death of Yevgeny Prigozhin, Russia loses the plausible deniability of Wagner’s irregular and illegal actions central to expanding Russian influence.

China's United Front

Spotlight

China’s United Front Strategy in Africa

By Paul Nantulya
September 5, 2023

China’s United Front work co-opts well-placed individuals and organizations to cultivate support for and defend China’s goals and interests while isolating China’s opponents in Africa.

Infographic

Tracking Russian Interference to Derail Democracy in Africa

June 21, 2023

Systematic efforts by Russia to undercut democracy in Africa have inhibited democratic development in two dozen African countries.

Video

China’s Influence on African Media

May 12, 2023

China media expert Bob Wekesa reflects on the Chinese Communist Party’s model of total state control of information and its export to Africa.

Spotlight

Intervening to Undermine Democracy in Africa: Russia’s Playbook for Influence

By Joseph Siegle
February 22, 2023

Russia has systematically sought to undercut democracy in Africa, both to normalize authoritarianism as well as to create an entry point for Russian influence.

Disinformation Drilling into Africa’s Information Ecosystems

Expert Publication

Disinformation Drilling into Africa’s Information Ecosystems

By Mark Duerksen
February 8, 2023

Rapidly shifting information pathways have created vulnerabilities that foreign powers—led by Russia, China, and the Gulf States—have aggressively exploited.

The Creeping Loss of African Sovereignty

Expert Publication

The Creeping Loss of African Sovereignty

By Joseph Siegle
February 8, 2023

Unaccountable regimes in Africa are highly vulnerable to exploitation by external authoritarian actors—at a heavy cost to citizen sovereignty.

Spotlight

Why Russia is on a Charm Offensive in Africa

By Joseph Siegle
July 26, 2022

Moscow is trying to gain influence in Africa without investing in it, a strategy that can only gain traction if certain African leaders see Russia as a means to validate their own hold on power regardless of popular will.

Spotlight

Kenyan Elections—Another Test in the Country’s Democratic Journey

July 11, 2022

Kenya’s competitive presidential elections reflect hard-earned progress in establishing independent constitutional and judicial guardrails, though a history of electoral violence demands all sides show restraint.

Spotlight

Russia and the Future International Order in Africa

By Joseph Siegle
May 11, 2022

The application of a Russian-shaped international order in Africa would have destabilizing repercussions for the continent.

Infographic

Mapping Disinformation in Africa

April 26, 2022

Russia has pioneered a model of disinformation to gain political influence in Africa that is now being replicated by other actors across the continent.

Infographic

Debunking the Malian Junta’s Claims

April 12, 2022

Mali’s military coup has thrust the country into a deeper security crisis as the junta quashes dissent and resists a democratic transition.

Ukraine War: Fresh Warning That Africa Needs to be Vigilant against Russia’s Destabilizing Influence

Spotlight

Strategic Implications for Africa from Russia’s Invasion in Ukraine

By Joseph Siegle
March 9, 2022

The invasion of Ukraine is a wake-up call to the implications of Russia’s attempts to export its governance model to Africa—with sobering consequences for African sovereignty and stability.

Deluge of Digital Repression Threatens African Security

Spotlight

Deluge of Digital Repression Threatens African Security

By Nathaniel Allen and Catherine Lena Kelly
January 4, 2022

African governments are using the pretext of security to restrict digital communications and citizens’ rights. In the process, they are inadvertently contributing to economic losses and greater instability.

Disinformation

Spotlight

Domestic Disinformation on the Rise in Africa

October 6, 2021

A growing trend of domestic political actors deploying targeted disinformation schemes requires expanded fact-checking capacity in Africa and collaboration with social media organizations.

Russia's Wagner Play Undermines the Transition in Mali

Spotlight

Russia’s Wagner Play Undermines the Transition in Mali

By Joseph Siegle and Daniel Eizenga
September 23, 2021

The prospective deployment of Russia’s Wagner mercenaries should not be confused with addressing Mali’s security situation but is a means of expanding Russian influence while propping up the military junta.

A Light in Libya’s Fog of Disinformation

Spotlight

A Light in Libya’s Fog of Disinformation

October 9, 2020

Divisions within Libya’s civil war have been amplified by foreign-sponsored disinformation campaigns. Reconciliation and peacebuilding will require local actors to reclaim Libya’s digital spaces.

Spotlight

Russian Disinformation Campaigns Target Africa:
An Interview with Dr. Shelby Grossman

February 18, 2020

The growing sophistication of Russia’s disinformation campaigns in Africa demand greater vigilance from tech companies, internet watchdog groups, and governments.