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Building Youth Resilience to Extremism in Mozambique: Perspectives From Cabo Delgado

Recommended research   published by Amanda Lucey and Jaynisha Patel, Institute for Justice and Reconciliation on January 31, 2022

Youth are disproportionately at risk from extremism, particularly in situations where they have little to lose. In northern Mozambique, poverty, unemployment, low levels of participation in governance and the lack of inclusive development stand out. The Islamist insurgency in northern Mozambique has gained some traction due to its members’ promises of material benefits such as food, employment, and community. It is critical that youth be actively engaged by local officials on a continual basis.

War in Resource-Rich Northern Mozambique—Six Scenarios

Recommended research   published by Francisco Almeida dos Santos, CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute) on July 14, 2020

Northern Mozambique’s expanding violence is more than just an Islamist insurgency: its political history, ethnicity, as well as the interests of past and present political figures, private security enterprises, and multinational extractive corporations have all contributed to the surge of violence. The security forces’ confused approach, as well as the government’s blackout of media coverage raises more questions about government intentions than it does about ISIS infiltration. 

The Emergence of Violent Extremism in Northern Mozambique

Spotlight   published by Gregory Pirio, Robert Pittelli, and Yussuf Adam on March 25, 2018

The emergence of a new militant Islamist group in northern Mozambique raises a host of concerns over the influence of international jihadist ideology, social and economic marginalization of local Muslim communities, and a heavy-handed security response.

Record 36 Million Africans Forcibly Displaced

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on July 19, 2022

Conflict continues to drive Africa’s record levels of population displacement. Africa’s 36 million forcibly displaced persons represent 44 percent of the global total.

Cyclones and More Frequent Storms Threaten Africa

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 24, 2022

Global warming is causing an increase in the frequency and intensity of storms in Africa, which are exacerbating other socioeconomic stressors across the continent.

Considerations for a Prospective New Chinese Naval Base in Africa

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on May 12, 2022

China's reported plans to add another naval base in Africa raise questions about China's increasingly militarized strategy and may stoke fears of compromised sovereignty amid a new "scramble" for Africa.

Emerging Security Sector Leaders Seminar

Program Materials  

A two-week program held in June 2022 for mid-level African security sector professionals who are emerging leaders within their fields. With an emphasis on peer-to-peer exchanges, this seminar embodies the Africa Center’s mission to advance African security by expanding understanding, providing a trusted platform for dialogue, building enduring partnerships, and catalyzing strategic solutions.

Countering Violent Extremism in Africa

Topic in Focus   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 1, 2022

Violent extremism remains one of Africa’s most pressing security threats. The following publications provide a series of resources for countering violent extremism initiatives in Africa.

Trajectories of Violence Against Civilians by Africa’s Militant Islamist Groups

Spotlight   published by Anouar Boukhars on February 8, 2022

Extremist group violence against civilians is driven by context-specific factors—outgroup grievances, intimidation to control territory, and a response to heavy-handed security responses—that require enhanced community-level mitigation and military professionalism.