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The Illicit Superhighway: Transnational Organized Crime in Africa

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 22, 2017

The distinction between legitimate and illicit business in Africa is fluid due to the significant size of informal trade on the continent. At the same time, globalization has allowed organized criminal groups to link up with international networks, including violent extremists.

Africa Center Hosts Tunisian Minister of Defense

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 3, 2017

Tunisian Defense Minister Farhat Horchani and a delegation of ministry officials participated in an academic exchange hosted by the Africa Center examining security trends affecting North Africa and their implications for Tunisia.

Press Freedom and Security in Africa

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 3, 2017

In commemoration of World Press Freedom Day, the Africa Center highlights the African countries with the most open and most restrictive media environments.

Map of Africa’s Militant Islamist Groups

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 26, 2017

A review of militant Islamist group activity in Africa over the past year reveals considerable variation and a geographic concentration.

ISIS in Africa: Implications from Syria and Iraq

Spotlight   published by Joseph Siegle on March 17, 2017

As ISIS’s influence and territorial control in the Arab world have waned, so too have its reputation and ideological appeal in Africa, writes the Africa Center’s Joseph Siegle.

The Evolution of Militant Islamist Group Activity in Africa 2010–2016

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on January 10, 2017

Download individual maps as PDFs: 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 ‖ all maps (.zip) Highlights The geographic spread and frequency of violent events linked to militant Islamist groups in Africa has expanded steadily since 2010, with a peak in 2015. Eight African countries now regularly face attacks... Continue Reading

Boat Migration across the Central Mediterranean: Drivers, Experiences and Responses

Recommended research   published by MEDMIG on September 30, 2016

Those crossing the Mediterranean from Libya have been described as either refugees or economic migrants. The reality is somewhere in between. The drivers of migration are complex and often interrelated. The most common driver is insecurity which, according to interviewees of this report, came from armed nonstate actors, land disputes, political persecution, or localized situations of civil unrest. Interviewees spoke of violence due to their political affiliation, the threat of imprisonment, and facing corrupt or unfair legal processes, all of which not only put their lives in jeopardy, but also impeded their ability to provide for their families

War and Conflict in Africa

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on September 21, 2016

Although the vast majority of conflicts in Africa today involve non-state actors, there has been a significant increase in state-based violence since 2010. While there is now a better understanding of the need to engage at multiple levels of society, leveraging the political will and resources to facilitate these deeper connections has remained a challenge.

Libya, Extremism, and the Consequences of Collapse

Recommended research   published by The Soufan Group on January 27, 2016

Internal and external actors in Libya have pushed varied, divergent agendas, and the country has been unable to form a unified political system. Criminal and violent extremist groups have flourished and begun to monopolize black market activities. If their economic control hardens, it may persist beyond the eventual formation of a government and make a Libyan government more difficult to finance and stabilize in the long run.

Survive and Advance: The Economics of Smuggling Refugees and Migrants into Europe

Recommended research   published by Tuesday Reitano and Peter Tinti, Institute for Security Studies & The Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime on December 1, 2015

Africans from throughout the continent have long sought entrance to Europe for diverse reasons. Such movement has swelled since 2011, when the fall of the Qaddafi regime in Libya opened a convenient and hassle-free transit point for people smugglers. A global surge in refugees supercharged these existing African networks, with customers from Syria flying visa-free... Continue Reading

Extremism: Root Causes, Drivers, and Responses

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on November 20, 2015

Four of the eight ‘provinces’ or wilayat of the group’s self-declared caliphate are located in Africa Algeria, Libya, Egypt and Nigeria. While there are questions about the group’s ability to direct affiliates in a unified and coordinated campaign, those who have declared loyalty to ISIS have adopted its signature brutality. Efforts to counter violent extremism... Continue Reading