Tubu Trouble: State and Statelessness in the Chad-Sudan-Libya Triangle

By Jerome Tubiana and Claudio Gramizzi, Small Arms Survey/HSB
June 30, 2017

Ounianga Serir village in northwestern Chad. Photo: David Stanley.

Ounianga Serir village in northwestern Chad. (Photo: David Stanley.)

The absence of state administration, both during the colonial period and since independence, defines this region. But when limited administration has existed, whether from the formal state or from various armed groups that operate there, it has been marked by continued competition over natural resources and land use between traditional chiefs, cross border traders, and rebel leaders. Inhabitants themselves have also played various roles in civil and proxy wars here. While a large economic development project failed to bring much needed assistance to the region, the recent discovery of gold has led both to conflicts and to newfound wealth.

Read the Paper (PDF)

Security Topics: Natural Resources and Conflict