The violent extremist threat in northern Mozambique exploits underlying societal vulnerabilities of inequity, insecure land rights, and distrust of authorities.
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Long before extremist violence appeared in northeastern Mozambique, the region was a haven for smuggling of illicit goods and people, all facilitated and supported by a corrupt and broken system of governance from the local to national level. Multinational corporations were invited to exploit natural gas and ruby deposits. Local communities had no voice or support from the government. Mozambique will need to engage with the communities of Cabo Delgado and respect and protect their rights.
The emergence of a new militant Islamist group in northern Mozambique raises a host of concerns over the influence of international jihadist ideology, social and economic marginalization of local Muslim communities, and a heavy-handed security response.
China's Belt and Road Initiative forges intertwining economic, political, and security ties between Africa and China, advancing Beijing’s geopolitical interests.
The struggle to institutionalize legitimate and resilient democracies in Africa will be further shaped by the 2019 elections – with direct consequences for security.
Declines in violent activity linked to Boko Haram and al Shabaab are balanced by increases in the Sahel, generating a mixed picture of the challenge posed by militant Islamist groups in Africa.
February 4–6 février 2019 Maputo, Mozambique Read Ahead: English | Français | Português Program Schedule: English | Français | Português Bios: English | Français | Português Session 1 Managing and Securing Maritime Resources: The Challenges Presented by / présenté par : Dr. Ian Ralby RADM (Ret.) Mohammed Sane (Slides: English│French│Portuguese) Session 2 Managing and Securing Maritime... Continue Reading
China’s growing military engagement in Africa is aimed at advancing Beijing’s economic and strategic interests, in particular its Belt and Road Initiative.
While the illicit economy provides a plentiful source of income in Northern Mozambique's Cabo Delgado province, impunity allows local elites to benefit from it while security forces punish citizens for trying to do the same. A growing Islamist insurgency in the region, that inspires itself from similar movements in Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan, enjoys some local support but security forces have responded with heavy-handed tactics harming and alienating local citizens. To build trust, the government must enable local communities to participate in the licit, extraction economy (natural gas and mining) as well as reinvest some of that wealth into the province.
A emergência de um novo grupo militante islâmico no norte de Moçambique cria várias preocupações sobre a influência da ideologia jihadista internacional, marginalização social e económica das comunidades muçulmanas locais e uma forte reação em termos de segurança.
China is doubling down on its soft power initiatives in Africa as part of China's Grand Strategy to tap emerging markets, shape global governance norms, and expand its influence.
A “gun class”—the fusion of security leaders with political power, class, and ethnicity—is at the heart of the predatory governance system that has taken root in South Sudan. Changing this trajectory will require redefining the roles of political and security actors.