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For the Army, with the Army, like the Army? The Rise of Guidon Shimiray and the NDC-Rénové in Eastern Congo

Recommended research   published by Congo Research Group on May 30, 2021

The Nduma Defence of Congo (NDC) and its offshoot, the NDC-Renove (NCD-R), are among the oldest armed groups in Eastern Congo, one of more than a hundred that operate in the region. After its 2008 creation, it grew into the group with the largest territorial control in the region. The NDC eventually served as a proxy for Congolese and Rwandan forces, notably in fighting the FDLR. It also set up governance structures, including taxation systems, a police force, and means to control mining revenues and trade. These security governance structures will need to be purged of corrupt leaders and patronage networks.

The Landscape of Armed Groups in Eastern Congo: Missed Opportunities, Protracted Insecurity and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies

Recommended research   published by Kivu Security Tracker on February 28, 2021

There are at least 120 armed groups in the Eastern DRC who contribute to prolonged insecurity there. The violence they have perpetrated has displaced millions of civilians. The armed groups display a diversity of interests and objectives. Their proliferation is the result of 25 years of protracted conflict over land and resources, over political and customary power, all compounded by foreign interference. Military elites have become deeply invested in the conflict and the economies that it produces, making this a crisis of governance. The Congolese state is the point of entry for reform.

Elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Falling Short of Credible

Spotlight   published by Alix Boucher on December 14, 2018

The DRC's general elections originally scheduled for December 23, two years overdue, face serious credibility challenges. The repercussions of a faulty vote could further dampen the prospects for improved security and stability in the region and erode democratic norms across the continent.

Ituri Becomes Congo’s Latest Flashpoint

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on August 14, 2018

The DRC’s ongoing political crisis is straining local peace agreements forged after the Second Congo War, threatening wider instability.

A Medley of Armed Groups Play on Congo’s Crisis

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on September 25, 2017

The DRC’s political crisis has galvanized and revived many of the estimated 70 armed groups currently active in the country, making the nexus between political and sectarian violence by armed militias a key feature of the DRC’s political instability.

Regime Cash Machine: How the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Booming Mining Exports Are Failing to Benefit its People

Recommended research   published by Global Witness on July 31, 2017

The Democratic Republic of the Congo mining sector is booming but more than $750 million in mining revenues have disappeared between 2013 and 2015. The taxes, paid by mining companies to state coffers vanished into Gecamines, the country’s dysfunctional state-owned mining company and various tax agencies. This investigation finds credible evidence that at least some of the funds ended up in accounts linked to President Joseph Kabila himself, his family, and corrupt networks with links to the regime.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Country in Focus   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on October 12, 2016

The Africa Center for Strategic Studies has compiled a selection of its analyses that identify the roots of the crisis in the DRC and priorities for reestablishing stability and progress toward a democratic transition.

A Looming Calamity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on September 13, 2016

Part 1. The DRC appears to be on a slow-motion path to tragedy. After 15 years in office, President Joseph Kabila will fulfill his term limits in December, but he has avoided organizing elections. Instead, he seems intent on holding onto power indefinitely.