Additional Reading on Regional and International Security Cooperation

The China-Africa Toolkit: A Resource for African Policymakers

By South African Institute for International Affairs, 2009

In addition to $100 billion in annual two-way trade, China provides $13 billion in assistance and supports several peace operations in Africa. To better shape this relationship in a form that enhances and sustains development Africa’s policymakers should familiarize themselves with the fundamental drivers of Chinese interests on the continent.

Peace, Security and the African Peer Review Mechanism: Are the Tools up to the Task?

By Steven Gruzd, African Security Review, 2007

The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) offers a powerful tool to improve security sector governance and security capacity in Africa. Assessments of Ghana, Kenya, and Rwanda have identified conflict vulnerabilities and opportunities to improve security institutions. Improvements to APRM guidelines, panels of experts, and country submissions could further enhance the potential security and stability benefits from the process.

The Panel of the Wise: A Comprehensive Introduction to a Critical Pillar of the African Peace and Security Architecture

By Jamila El Abdellaoui, Institute for Security Studies, August 2009

A Panel of the Wise comprised of five elder African statesmen was created by the African Union to independently facilitate conflict resolution, conduct shuttle diplomacy, and develop proposals to enhance general security and stability. Adjustments to the panel’s communications strategy and engagement with civil society may further elevate its impact on conflict prevention and stabilization.

The Role of SADC in Managing Political Crisis and Conflict: The Cases of Madagascar and Zimbabwe

By Gavin Cawthra, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 2010

Whereas the Southern African Development Community (SADC) for years refrained from intervening in various political crises in Zimbabwe, the regional economic community more quickly and effectively responded to recent instability in Madgascar. SADC’s overall influence and ability to resolve these and other regional challenges will require institutionalized crisis response mechanisms as current ad hoc efforts diminish its credibility, unity, and range of options.

Ghana’s Foreign Policy and Transnational Security Challenges in West Africa

By Prosper Nii Nortey Addo, Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 2008

Focuses on Ghana’s security culture as reflected in its foreign policy, and how it has influenced the way the country addresses transnational security challenges in ECOWAS.

Indo-African Defence Cooperation: Need For Enhanced Thrust

By Arvind Dutta, Institute for Defense Studies & Analysis, 2008

India has a growing relationship with Africa and enhanced military-to-military exchange can further improve these ties to mutual benefit. Given shared security interests and the value of greater South-South cooperation, India can enhance its current relationship with Africa by helping to fill capacity-building gaps toward a more constructive engagement.

China’s African Aid: Transatlantic Challenges

By Deborah Brautigam, The German Marshall Fund of the United States, 2008

China’s growing assistance and loans in Africa have often been interpreted as a strategic effort to gain diplomatic leverage and secure proprietary access to natural resources. Yet China distributes aid widely across the continent, not just to resource-rich countries suggesting a more complex Chinese engagement in Africa and a still-evolving aid policy.

India’s Expanding Relations with Africa and Their Implications for U.S. Interests

By J. Peter Pham, American Foreign Policy Interests, 2007

A brief history of India-Africa relations, followed by India’s current interests on the continent, especially with regards to military cooperation and natural resources.

Security Topics:  Regional and International Security Cooperation