Heart of Africa’s Organised Crime: Land, Property and Urbanization

Road north of Lagos, Nigeria.

Road north of Lagos, Nigeria. (Photo: Damilola111)

Africa’s largest organized criminal activity is in land allocation, real estate, and property development, particularly in urban areas. Africa’s urban population is projected to double by 2035 and half of all Africans will live in urban areas. To minimize vulnerability to the corruption and crime that hinder citizen-centered urban development, enhancing transparency and engagement, such as issuing occupancy certificates to residents in informal settlements and engaging neighborhood organizations in local mapping exercises will be necessary.

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