• The Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation (KNDR) Monitoring Project

    By South Consulting. 2013. The Kenya National Accord was signed in 2008 in the wake of widespread violence following highly disputed national elections. However, limited application of the Accord has lowered Kenyans’ perceptions of their government. In fact, very few of the 16 reforms under the agreement have been enacted. The government should move more quickly to implement the remaining reforms while also improving and expanding civic education to increase knowledge of Kenyans’ constitutional rights.

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  • After the Kenyan Intervention in Somalia

    By Ken Menkhaus, The Enough Project | January 2012 Al Shabaab’s position has been steadily eroded in Somalia by intervening African forces, but any forthcoming victory over the group will be short lived. Without a broad-based plan for peace, a resulting power vacuum could trigger violent intercommunal clashes. Alternatives, such as the creation of buffer zones within Somalia sponsored by regional actors, will be unpopular with Somalis and have often failed in the past. Instead, a sense of shared power and prosperity should be fostered in urban hubs, such as the major port city Kismayo, where a “pax commercial” administered by a neutral, multilateral entity might forestall and defuse contentious clan relationships.

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  • Kenya: Assessing Risks to Stability

    AssessingRisksBy Joel D. Barkan, Center for Strategic and International Security, June 2011. Stability in Kenya leading up to elections in 2012 will in part be determined by the interaction between a young, urban, and increasingly assertive middle class that supports recent reforms and Kenya’s traditional powerbrokers who seek to limit changes to the current political system. Growing economic inequality, the continued utilization of ethnicity to mobilize votes, and ongoing investigations of top politicians are also complicating an already charged and volatile political atmosphere. The steady implementation of recent constitutional reforms and other changes to the judicial, and executive branches of government will be critical to continuing development and stability. Download the Article: [PDF]
  • Internal Displacement and Local Peacebuilding in Kenya

    InternalDisplacementKenyaBy Jaqueline M. Klopp, Patrick Githinji, and Keffa Karuoya. United States Institute of Peace, September 2010. Kenya’s failure to effectively resettle internally displaced persons (IDPs) years after post-election violence in 2008 indicates a concurrent failure of peacebuilding and worsening ethnic tensions. Remedial initiatives operate in distinct, parallel programs and often reach only urban- and youth-centric portions of the affected population. A systematic, cohesive approach to economic empowerment among IDPs combined with community education initiatives would more effectively solve security issues while promoting growth. Download the Article: [PDF]
  • The Mountain Of Terror: A Report on the Investigations of Torture by the Kenyan Military at Mt. Elgon

    By Kenya National Human Rights Commission, May 2008 In 2008, the Kenya National Human Rights Commission conducted a fact-finding mission to better understand local militias in the Mt. Elgon district of western Kenya and the deployment of military units to quell such activity. Evidence emerged that the militias were involved in manipulating land allocations, were influenced by local political leaders, and were responsible for killings and intimidation. The commission also found evidence that the military, which is often more respected and trusted than the Kenyan police, used illegal detentions, torture, and extrajudicial killings during its deployment, which undermined efforts to pacify the region.

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