Additional Reading on Conflict Prevention or Mitigation

Pastoralists at War: Violence and Security in the Kenya-Sudan-Uganda Border Region

By Jonah Leff, International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 2009

Low-level tensions between pastoralist groups in East Africa’s border regions frequently erupt into deadly confrontations. Government responses have relied too heavily on coercive disarmament campaigns, generating mistrust and prompting violent reprisals. Instead, efforts by civil society groups and inter-governmental efforts to build alternative dispute mechanisms should be replicated.

Peace and Power Sharing in Africa: A Not So Obvious Relationship

By Andreas Mehler, African Affairs, 2009

Crises in Africa are often resolved through power-sharing arrangements. In Cote d’Ivoire, Kenya, and Liberia, however, these have tended only to address elite concerns and interests. As a result, conflict drivers remain unresolved and incentives to subvert or “spoil” democratic or peace processes are strengthened. A “bottom up” approach featuring public engagement with genuine local representatives and the effective functioning of oversight institutions provide more sustainable solutions.

Small Arms and Light Weapons Among Pastoral Groups in the Kenya-Uganda Border Area

By Kennedy Agade Mkutu, African Affairs, 2006

Results of the author’s research into SALWs among pastoral groups in the Kenya-Uganda border area, and the long history of their ’spiral of violence’.

Burundi’s Transition: Training Leaders for Peace

By Howard Wolpe and Steve McDonald, Journal of Democracy, August 18, 2006

An account of the Burundi Leadership Training Program that the Woodrow Wilson Center has led since late 2002. The piece focuses on explaining the relative merits of the so-called Ngozi process, whereby representatives from various groups in conflict are brought together to engage in cooperation-building interactive exercises. Their experience may offer useful lessons for others engaged in conflict mitigation work.

‘Negotiating with Ghosts’: Religion, Conflict and Peace in Northern Uganda

By Paul Jackson, The Round Table, 2009

This article outlines the current situation with regard to the Lord’s Resistance Army, the possibilities for peace in Northern Uganda, and the role of traditional justice systems and the ICC in ending the war. It concludes that justice in Northern Uganda requires an end to the false dichotomy of ‘traditional’ and ICC approaches and that the two must complement each other in order to address the different groups within the LRA and the Acholi population.

Democracy and Peace-building: Re-thinking the Conventional Wisdom

By Howard Wolpe and Steve McDonald, The Round Table, 2008

Drawing on their experiences promoting reconciliation in Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Liberia, the authors explain their training techniques based on “experiential learning” and “interest-based negotiation.” The authors contend that challenges to building peace and democracy “lies not in sector specific institutional ‘fixes’, but, rather in bringing key leaders together in a long-term process …” A welcome evidence-based contribution to the literature on conflict mitigation.

Security Topics:  Conflict Prevention or Mitigation