Drug Trafficking in Guinea-Bissau, 1998–2014: The Evolution of an Elite Protection Network

By Mark Shaw, The Journal of Modern African Studies
September 30, 2015

Drug trafficking in West Africa has increased dramatically over the last two decades, with nearly a quarter of all of Europe’s cocaine being trans-shipped through the region at one point. An essential locale in this trafficking was Guinea-Bissau, often called a “narco state.” In reality, however, the trafficking stemmed from a small politico-military elite that worked in conjunction with independent entrepreneurs. The institutional entanglement implied by the term “narco-state” was not there.

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Security Topics: Counter Narcotics