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Lessons from a Decade of South Sudanese Statehood

Spotlight   published by Luka Biong Deng Kuol on June 29, 2021

The catastrophic levels of instability that have engulfed South Sudan since 2013 demand a restructuring of governance and security institutions to alter the tragic trajectory of Africa’s youngest state.

The Sudanese Military’s Interests in Civilian Rule

Spotlight   published by Joseph Siegle on March 23, 2021

Proactive management of the transition to civilian rule would afford the Sudanese military more stability, budgetary support, and professional benefits.

Reimagining the Security Sector in Sudan

Program Materials  

The Africa Center for Strategic Studies and the US Institute of Peace (USIP) will convene an academic webinar series that explores the lessons learned of the roles of the security sector and national security strategy development during times of transition from military to civilian rule. The webinar series will provide an opportunity to share evidence-based insights and experiences and their implications for Sudan during its challenging transition to a civilian-led, democratic government.

Reforming the Security Sector in Sudan: The Need for a Framework

Spotlight   published by Luka Biong D. Kuol on November 2, 2020

Sudan needs a national security strategy to guide the reforms of its security sector from a tool of repression to sustain the old regime to a professional force that protects citizens under a democratic system.

Timeline of South Sudan Peace Agreements and Violence

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on December 18, 2019

Despite multiple ceasefires and peace agreements signed since the conflict began in 2013, the humanitarian costs to citizens continue to grow.

The Taking of South Sudan: The Tycoons, Brokers, and Multinational Corporations Complicit in Hijacking the World’s Newest State

Recommended research   published by The Sentry on September 30, 2019

Vast corruption networks corruption operate in South Sudan, from Chinese-led oil conglomerates and American arms dealers to profiteering British businessmen and high-level government officials implicated in pillaging the country’s natural resources and perpetuating conflict. Several cases of corruption show how regional and international financial institutions, foreign companies, and corrupt individuals facilitate and reinforce policies that deprive citizens of their fair share of the nation’s wealth.

Understanding the Underlying Drivers of Armed Conflict in South Sudan

Video   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 1, 2019

Stability in South Sudan will require addressing fundamental drivers of conflict including weak national identity and state structures, the securitization of governance, and the lack of accountable leadership.

Five Things to Watch in Sudan’s Transition

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 12, 2019

Transforming the protests into genuine democratic change in Sudan will require maintaining an organized reform coalition and reaching an understanding with military leaders.

Moving Toward Mobility: Providing Protection to Civilians Through Static Presence and Mobile Peacekeeping in South Sudan

Recommended research   published by Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC) on March 21, 2019

The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS)’s limited resources are insufficient to fulfill its mandate. Barriers to UNMISS effectiveness include inflexible human resources policies, lack of freedom of movement due to obstacles set by South Sudanese government, and issues engaging with local communities. The problem of inadequate troops and civilian staff deployed to such a large country could be alleviated by a more mobile and responsive approach to achieving the mission’s mandate. Increased mobility, including rapid response capability, long-range patrols, and temporary remote deployments, requires support from the UN Secretariat and member states’ to succeed.

Sudan’s Shifting Calculus of Power

Spotlight   published by Luka Kuol on March 11, 2019

Omar al Bashir’s emergency declaration aims to consolidate support within the military while popular protests continue to demand change.

Understanding the Significance of the Protests in Sudan

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on January 28, 2019

With Sudanese President Omar al Bashir facing unprecedented pressure from a diverse collection of protesters and political parties, mediation is needed to avoid a violent escalation.