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Understanding the Underlying Drivers of Armed Conflict in South Sudan

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 1, 2019

Stability in South Sudan will require addressing fundamental drivers of conflict including weak national identity and state structures, the securitization of governance, and the lack of accountable leadership.

Five Things to Watch in Sudan’s Transition

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 12, 2019

Transforming the protests into genuine democratic change in Sudan will require maintaining an organized reform coalition and reaching an understanding with military leaders.

Moving Toward Mobility: Providing Protection to Civilians Through Static Presence and Mobile Peacekeeping in South Sudan

Recommended research   published by Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC) on March 21, 2019

The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS)’s limited resources are insufficient to fulfill its mandate. Barriers to UNMISS effectiveness include inflexible human resources policies, lack of freedom of movement due to obstacles set by South Sudanese government, and issues engaging with local communities. The problem of inadequate troops and civilian staff deployed to such a large country could be alleviated by a more mobile and responsive approach to achieving the mission’s mandate. Increased mobility, including rapid response capability, long-range patrols, and temporary remote deployments, requires support from the UN Secretariat and member states’ to succeed.

Sudan’s Shifting Calculus of Power

Spotlight   published by Luka Kuol on March 11, 2019

Omar al Bashir’s emergency declaration aims to consolidate support within the military while popular protests continue to demand change.

Understanding the Significance of the Protests in Sudan

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on January 28, 2019

With Sudanese President Omar al Bashir facing unprecedented pressure from a diverse collection of protesters and political parties, mediation is needed to avoid a violent escalation.

Navigating the Competing Interests of Regional Actors in South Sudan

Spotlight   published by Luka Kuol on May 29, 2018

Regional considerations have always played a prominent role in South Sudan’s security landscape. Indeed, the country was born from a regional fissure between what are today Sudan and South Sudan. This schism has been subsequently shaped and influenced to varying degrees by all of South Sudan’s neighbors. These dynamics have continued with the country’s descent... Continue Reading

The Rule of Law and the Role of Customary Courts in Stabilizing South Sudan

Spotlight   published by Godfrey Musila on May 29, 2018

Rule of Law in a Weak State South Sudan’s descent into civil war in 2013, 2 years after independence, has devastated families, communities, and institutions—including judicial institutions. Already fragile following decades of war against Khartoum, state institutions had yet to penetrate throughout the territory, and many were still in the process of formation. Areas that... Continue Reading

Confronting the Challenges of South Sudan’s Security Sector: A Practitioner’s Perspective

Spotlight   published by Kuol Deim Kuol on May 29, 2018

Countries emerging from conflict confront numerous challenges relating to the reform of their security sectors. Some countries succeed in addressing those challenges, are able to reform their security sector gradually, and achieve peace and stability for their people as a consequence. Other countries fail to do so, at times contributing to the recurrence of conflict.... Continue Reading

Durable Stability in South Sudan: What Are the Prerequisites?

Spotlight   published by Phillip Kasaija Apuuli on May 29, 2018

The 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) identifies security sector reform (SSR) as one of the most crucial issues that need to be addressed if South Sudan is to attain peace. The prioritization given to SSR in the ARCSS is illustrated by the fact that it... Continue Reading