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Multilateral Damage: The Impact of EU Migration Policies on Central Saharan Routes

Recommended research   published by Jérôme Tubiana, Clotilde Warin, and Gaffar Mohammud Saeneen, Clingendael on September 30, 2018

Migration management policies must be comprehensive and take into account the effects they will have, not just on the country of origin but also the countries of transit and destination. Trying to stop migration from and along impoverished and weakly governed countries risks negatively impacting the stability of the countries they target. Aid to authoritarian governments to help stem irregular migration, for example, has ended up supporting their repressive rule. Moreover, militias who have been simultaneously involved in smuggling and anti-smuggling have been empowered, presenting thereby further weakening the states along those routes.

Dynamics of African Economic Migration

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on December 15, 2017

Driven by a confluence of poverty, corruption, and poor governance, African economic migration has created a lucrative market for human smuggling that is funding regional criminal networks.

Protection through Mobility: Opening Labor and Study Migration Channels to Refugees

Recommended research   published by Katy Long and Sarah Rosengaertner, Migration Policy Institute on October 31, 2016

Legal labor migration and study visas, in parallel with resettlement and asylum channels, would positively connect the security needs of both refugees and host countries and make the task of integrating new arrivals easier. Refugees could meet labor needs or fill university places which have support systems in place. The specific needs of refugees as well as program flexibility to address temporary or long-term needs must be carefully considered. But making even small changes to existing programs to be more accessible to refugees could be politically feasible.

Boat Migration across the Central Mediterranean: Drivers, Experiences and Responses

Recommended research   published by MEDMIG on September 30, 2016

Those crossing the Mediterranean from Libya have been described as either refugees or economic migrants. The reality is somewhere in between. The drivers of migration are complex and often interrelated. The most common driver is insecurity which, according to interviewees of this report, came from armed nonstate actors, land disputes, political persecution, or localized situations of civil unrest. Interviewees spoke of violence due to their political affiliation, the threat of imprisonment, and facing corrupt or unfair legal processes, all of which not only put their lives in jeopardy, but also impeded their ability to provide for their families

African Migration Funds Criminal and Terrorist Networks

Spotlight   published by Wendy Williams on August 13, 2015

The phenomenon of migrants traversing the hostile terrain of northern Africa to Europe is not new—not the routes or the dangers. A decade ago, experts estimated that about 2,000 migrants drowned each year attempting to cross the Mediterranean and untold numbers perished in the desert. But after the collapse of the Gaddafi regime in 2011,... Continue Reading

Africa’s Migration Challenge: An Interview with Hussein Solomon

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 23, 2015

Recent weeks have revealed a long-building crisis of African migration. In South Africa, xenophobic attacks against mainly African immigrants erupted across several cities prompting the South African government to deploy the military as a deterrent. Following the terrorist attack in the northeastern town of Garissa, the Kenyan government has told the United Nations to close... Continue Reading

EU Security Strategy in Sahel Focused on Security-Development Nexus

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on March 7, 2019

EU Special Representative to the Sahel Angel Losada Fernandez discusses Europe's security strategy in the region, which focuses on integrating development, security, and governance in coordination with African actors on the ground, in this interview with the Africa Center.

Security Priorities for the New Nigerian Government

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on February 25, 2019

From Boko Haram to farmer-herder conflicts, ethno-religious tensions, separatist movements, urban crime, and national identity, Nigeria experts size up the security priorities facing the Buhari government in its second term.

Q&A: External Actors Shift the Landscape in Africa

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on November 28, 2018

External actors have sought to expand their security partnerships in Africa in recent years. The Africa Center spoke with Judd Devermont, Director of the CSIS Africa Program, about the trends and complexities of these relationships.

Pauline Le Roux

Assistant Research Fellow
Areas of Expertise: Peace operations, stability operations, security sector reform, UN sanctions, UN expert panels, countering violent extremism, counterterrorism, West Africa, Central Africa, and the Sahel Africa.