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A review of violent events involving militant Islamist groups in Africa over the past year highlights several notable observations:
- There is considerable variation in the number and type of militant Islamist groups active on the continent.
- Most of these groups’ attacks are geographically concentrated.
- There is a local focus for the majority of these actors, even if they have declared a nominal allegiance to a global terrorist network. ISIS and Al Qaeda central have a limited independent presence in Africa.
- Boko Haram is responsible for the vast majority of fatalities, a figure that has risen significantly in recent years.
- There has been an escalation in the number of attacks and geographic reach of Al Shabaab over the past six months.
This is an update of a map the Africa Center for Strategic Studies released in April 2016. It reflects events that occurred between November 2015 and October 2016.