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Alumnus Profile: Professor Eginald Pius A.N. Mihanjo, Tanzania

Alumni Profile   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 22, 2016

Professor Eginald Pius A.N. Mihanjo, director of studies at the National Defence College in Tanzania, did not originally find a practical application for his Ph.D. in history and strategic studies outside of teaching university courses. However, at the Africa Center’s 2006 Senior Leaders Seminar, where he “trained and [was] exposed intensively on security issues and... Continue Reading

The Rising Terrorist Threat in Tanzania: Domestic Islamist Militancy and Regional Threats

Recommended research   published by Andre LeSage, INSS, National Defense University on September 30, 2014

Tanzania is experiencing an increase in multiple distinct but interweaving threats. These threats manifest locally and regionally in growing militant Islamist sentiment, fighters returning from Somalia, disputes over the Zanzibar islands, and national elections in 2015. If these issues remain unaddressed, Tanzania could experience a similar rise in deadly terrorist activity as has occurred in... Continue Reading

Record Number of Forcibly Displaced Africans Likely to Grow

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on July 10, 2019

With Africa's population expected to double by 2050, the rapid increase in the number of forcibly displaced Africans of the past decade will continue to expand unless key drivers are reversed.

The African Union Wavers between Reform and More of the Same

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on April 19, 2019

The African Union will need to overcome a lack of political will and address structural challenges if it is to be effective in responding to security crises on the continent, consistent with its founding mission.

The Ever-Adaptive Allied Democratic Forces Insurgency

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on February 8, 2019

The ADF, one of the least understood militant groups in the Great Lakes, has endured for over 20 years by instrumentalizing Islamist, ethnic, and secessionist ideologies to recruit and forge new alliances.

Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector: Uganda’s Experience

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on November 28, 2018

In an interview with the Africa Center, Stephen Twebaze says that when MPs govern as representatives rather than political actors, even parliaments dominated by a ruling party can practice effective oversight.

Where Crime Compounds Conflict

Recommended research   published by Simone Haysom, The Global Initiative against Translational Organized Crime on October 25, 2018

While the illicit economy provides a plentiful source of income in Northern Mozambique's Cabo Delgado province, impunity allows local elites to benefit from it while security forces punish citizens for trying to do the same. A growing Islamist insurgency in the region, that inspires itself from similar movements in Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan, enjoys some local support but security forces have responded with heavy-handed tactics harming and alienating local citizens. To build trust, the government must enable local communities to participate in the licit, extraction economy (natural gas and mining) as well as reinvest some of that wealth into the province.

A Emergência do Extremismo Violento no Norte de Moçambique

A emergência de um novo grupo militante islâmico no norte de Moçambique cria várias preocupações sobre a influência da ideologia jihadista internacional, marginalização social e económica das comunidades muçulmanas locais e uma forte reação em termos de segurança.