Tanzania and Zambia’s slide toward authoritarianism reveals the weaknesses of existing checks and balances and undermines their reputation as models of democratic development.
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Professor Eginald Pius A.N. Mihanjo, director of studies at the National Defence College in Tanzania, did not originally find a practical application for his Ph.D. in history and strategic studies outside of teaching university courses. However, at the Africa Center’s 2006 Senior Leaders Seminar, where he “trained and [was] exposed intensively on security issues and... Continue Reading
Tanzania is experiencing an increase in multiple distinct but interweaving threats. These threats manifest locally and regionally in growing militant Islamist sentiment, fighters returning from Somalia, disputes over the Zanzibar islands, and national elections in 2015. If these issues remain unaddressed, Tanzania could experience a similar rise in deadly terrorist activity as has occurred in... Continue Reading
With Africa's population expected to double by 2050, the rapid increase in the number of forcibly displaced Africans of the past decade will continue to expand unless key drivers are reversed.
The long simmering rivalry between Yoweri Museveni and Paul Kagame has escalated border tensions into a serious risk of armed interstate conflict.
The violent extremist threat in northern Mozambique exploits underlying societal vulnerabilities of inequity, insecure land rights, and distrust of authorities.
The African Union will need to overcome a lack of political will and address structural challenges if it is to be effective in responding to security crises on the continent, consistent with its founding mission.
China's Belt and Road Initiative forges intertwining economic, political, and security ties between Africa and China, advancing Beijing’s geopolitical interests.
The ADF, one of the least understood militant groups in the Great Lakes, has endured for over 20 years by instrumentalizing Islamist, ethnic, and secessionist ideologies to recruit and forge new alliances.
China’s growing military engagement in Africa is aimed at advancing Beijing’s economic and strategic interests, in particular its Belt and Road Initiative.
In an interview with the Africa Center, Stephen Twebaze says that when MPs govern as representatives rather than political actors, even parliaments dominated by a ruling party can practice effective oversight.
While the illicit economy provides a plentiful source of income in Northern Mozambique's Cabo Delgado province, impunity allows local elites to benefit from it while security forces punish citizens for trying to do the same. A growing Islamist insurgency in the region, that inspires itself from similar movements in Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan, enjoys some local support but security forces have responded with heavy-handed tactics harming and alienating local citizens. To build trust, the government must enable local communities to participate in the licit, extraction economy (natural gas and mining) as well as reinvest some of that wealth into the province.