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Q&A: Lessons in Preventing Genocide in Africa since Rwanda

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 7, 2017

As mass atrocities increase in Africa, scholar Samantha Lakin reflects on lessons learned in the 23 years since Rwanda’s genocide that could help prevent future atrocities.

Protecting Vulnerable Populations from Genocide

Recommended research   published by Adama Dieng, UN Chronicle on December 31, 2016

The Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes describes specific risk factors that signal increases in susceptibility of a country to genocide. Awareness of the warning signs is important, for if states were to wait for an escalation in violence to meet the legal definition of genocide before acting, it would be too late to stop it. One risk factor most associated with genocide is identity-based discrimination. To prevent genocide, states must have the will to protect their citizens’ human rights and promote the rule of law. Providing a safe place for diverse peoples to coexist peacefully builds states’ resiliency.

Cries from the Community: Listening to the People of Cabo Delgado

Spotlight   published by Gregory Pirio, Robert Pittelli, and Yussuf Adam on August 30, 2021

Stabilizing northern Mozambique will involve more than defeating violent extremists. It will also require rebuilding trust with marginalized and traumatized local communities.

African Youth Engaging in Peace and Security

Spotlight   published by Peter Biar Ajak on April 29, 2021

Despite challenges of unemployment, corruption, entrenched political leadership, and political violence, many African youth have found constructive avenues to promote peace, effective governance, and reform.

Post-Nkurunziza Burundi: The Rise of the Generals

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on June 22, 2020

In Burundi, President Pierre Nkurunziza's sudden death has exposed power struggles within the ruling party and the ascendancy of the military.

Burundi, the Forgotten Crisis, Still Burns

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on September 24, 2019

Although Nkurunziza has suppressed external reporting on Burundi, the country’s 4-year-old political and humanitarian crisis shows no signs of abating.

The African Union Wavers between Reform and More of the Same

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on April 19, 2019

The African Union will need to overcome a lack of political will and address structural challenges if it is to be effective in responding to security crises on the continent, consistent with its founding mission.