From the Maskani to the Mayor: The Political Economy of Heroin Markets in East and Southern Africa

Dar-es-Salaam skyline. (Photo: David Stanley)

Urbanization and governance shape the political economy of heroin trafficking in Southern and East Africa.  Case studies of heroin trafficking dynamics in capital cities, port towns, interior hubs, and border communities suggest that counter-trafficking efforts should strengthen cross-border intelligence sharing, combat government corruption, consider local communities, address the role of informal transport systems in the narcotics trade, and mitigate the drug trade’s role in fueling violence.

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Security Topics:  Counter Narcotics