As in much of Africa, the vast majority of security threats facing Nigeria are internal, often involving irregular forces such as insurgents, criminal gangs, and violent religious extremists. Effectively combating such threats requires cooperation from local communities—cooperation limited by low levels of trust in security forces who often have reputations for corruption, heavy-handedness, and politicization. Tackling modern security threats, then, is directly tied with improving the governance and oversight of the security sector, especially the police. Key paths forward include clarifying the structure of command and oversight, strengthening merit-based hiring and promotion processes, and better regulating private and voluntary security providers.
- Emile Ouédraogo, “Advancing Military Professionalism in Africa,” Research Paper No. 6, July 31, 2014.
- Ernest Uwazie, “Alternative Dispute Resolution in Africa,” Africa Security Brief No. 16, November 30, 2011.
- Michael Olufemi Sodipo, “Mitigating Radicalism in Northern Nigeria,” Africa Security Brief No. 26, August 31, 2013.
- Helmoed Heitman, “Optimizing Force Structures,” Africa Security Brief No. 13, May 31, 2011.
- Steven Livingston, “Implications of ICT on Crime, Policing, and Citizen Security,” Research Paper No. 5, November 30, 2013.