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Governance, Accountability, and Security in Nigeria

Africa Security Brief No. 31   published by Oluwakemi Okenyodo on June 21, 2016

Most of Nigeria's security threats require security forces—especially police—that are well-governed, respected, and have effective oversight mechanisms.

Governance, Accountability, and Security in Nigeria

Africa Security Brief No. 31   published by Oluwakemi Okenyodo on June 20, 2016

Most of Nigeria's security threats require security forces—especially police—that are well-governed, respected, and have effective oversight mechanisms.

Alumna Profile: Biola Shotunde, Nigeria

Alumni Profile   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 22, 2016

Biola Shotunde has been a member of the Africa Center alumni community since 2008, when she participated in the Combating Terrorist Financing in North and West Africa Program and the 2009 Community Leadership Conference. Mrs. Shotunde most recently earned her Master of Arts in Strategic Security Studies and War College Diploma in 2015 after a... Continue Reading

Asymmetric Warfare: Reflections on the Responses of Security Forces to Boko Haram Insurgency in Northern Nigeria

Recommended research   published by Osumah Oarhe, Ambrose Alli University, Nigeria, in the Africa Peace and Conflict Journal on June 30, 2015

The Nigerian government has undertaken a range of actions to combat Boko Haram’s asymmetric insurgency in the country’s northeast: roadblocks, raids, surveillance, patrols, and deradicalization. Nearly all have followed an enemy-centric rather than population-centric approach, despite the fact that many of the factors constraining success are tied directly to the security forces’ operational capacity. For instance, poor coordination, inability to effectively deliver appropriated funds and equipment, enemy penetration, and porous borders all hindered successful counter-enemy actions. However, if Nigeria had instead emphasized a population-centric approach to counterinsurgency, it is possible that such efforts would not have faced as many headwinds.

Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face, Part 8: Governance

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on June 11, 2015

Part 1: Identity Part 2: Faultlines Part 3: Extremism Part 4: Boko Haram Part 5: Strategies for combating extremism Part 6: Military professionalism Part 7: Maritime security Part 8: Governance While not a conventional security topic, governance is a central feature in the often internal or societally based threats Nigeria faces. From ethno-religious faultlines to... Continue Reading

Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face, Part 7: Maritime Security

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 27, 2015

Part 1: Identity Part 2: Faultlines Part 3: Extremism Part 4: Boko Haram Part 5: Strategies for combating extremism Part 6: Military professionalism Part 7: Maritime security Part 8: Governance Another fundamental security challenge Nigeria’s new leaders must face lies at sea. The security of the Gulf of Guinea is integral to the economic health... Continue Reading

Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face, Part 6: Military Professionalism

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 14, 2015

Part 1: Identity Part 2: Faultlines Part 3: Extremism Part 4: Boko Haram Part 5: Strategies for combating extremism Part 6: Military professionalism Part 7: Maritime security Part 8: Governance Chadian troops and South African mercenaries were at the forefront of the push in early 2015 to expel Boko Haram from towns the group had... Continue Reading

Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face, Part 5: Strategies for Combating Extremism

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 7, 2015

Part 1: Identity Part 2: Faultlines Part 3: Extremism Part 4: Boko Haram Part 5: Strategies for combating extremism Part 6: Military professionalism Part 7: Maritime security Part 8: Governance The date was June 11, 2009. Nearly 20 unarmed Boko Haram motorcyclists were fatally shot by police for refusing to wear safety helmets. The episode... Continue Reading

Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face, Part 4: Boko Haram

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 17, 2015

Part 1: Identity Part 2: Faultlines Part 3: Extremism Part 4: Boko Haram Part 5: Strategies for combating extremism Part 6: Military professionalism Part 7: Maritime security Part 8: Governance Boko Haram emerged in 2002 in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State in Nigeria’s Northeast Region. Initially organized as a sect under the leadership of... Continue Reading

Nigeria’s Moment of Triumph

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 13, 2015

Africa Center Dean, Raymond Gilpin, and former Dean, Monde Muyangwa, assess the recently concluded Nigerian presidential election, considered the most transparent and peaceful in Africa’s most populous democracy. The outcome highlights the professionalism of the national election commission, the active engagement by civil society, and the statesmanship of President Goodluck Jonathan. While a host of governance,... Continue Reading

Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face, Part 3: Extremism

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 10, 2015

Part 1: Identity Part 2: Faultlines Part 3: Extremism Part 4: Boko Haram Part 5: Strategies for combating extremism Part 6: Military professionalism Part 7: Maritime security Part 8: Governance Extremist interpretations of Islam by marginalized communities in Nigeria have strong resonance as an avenue to address perceived injustices and economic inequalities. The dangers of... Continue Reading