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Burundi Refugee Flows Continue to Increase

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on June 19, 2017

Instability in Burundi continues to worsen, with the flow of refugees and displaced people showing no signs of abating. The number of registered refugees has risen 60 percent in the last year—to 423,056—escalating the political and economic costs for all of Burundi's neighbors.

Burundi: The Army in Crisis

Recommended research   published by International Crisis Group on April 5, 2017

As the political crisis in Burundi continues, its army, whose post-war reform to depoliticize and professionalize it was long seen as a model for success, is now being torn apart by numerous defections, purges, and competing factions conducting tit-for-tat assassinations. The institution’s integrity and its ability to remain at the service of the people rather than become the President’s personal militia has been permanently damaged. The fact that a career in the Army could soon no longer guarantee a good and steady salary could also contribute to further instability. The degradation of Burundi’s military is a clear outcome of the political crisis. Reversing this trend will require resolving the crisis.

Refugee Flows Show Burundi Crisis Worsening

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on March 13, 2017

Two years after Pierre Nkurunziza announced his intention to pursue a contested third term as President, the Burundi crisis continues to worsen. Despite claims by the government that the situation has normalized, facts on the ground suggest otherwise.

Dismantling the Arusha Accords as the Burundi Crisis Rages On

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on March 13, 2017

Over the past two years, it has become increasingly clear that undermining the Arusha Accords, once hailed as Burundi’s best chance for peace, is a key objective of the Nkurunziza government.

Rentier Peacekeeping in Neo-Patrimonial Systems: The Examples of Burundi and Kenya

Recommended research   published by Malte Brosig, Contemporary Security Policy on February 6, 2017

African countries contribute the most peacekeepers to missions on the continent. However, many troop-contributing countries are hybrid democratic/autocratic political systems—characterized as neopatrimonial—and some are accused of using peacekeeping missions as a means to generate rents for their regimes to retain control at home. Others send their troops only to find them partaking in the recipient country’s neo-patrimonial system—their troops exploiting the system to extract economic rents. In both cases, the purpose of peacekeeping has been undermined and the conflict perhaps prolonged.

Stopping the Spiral in Burundi

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on January 28, 2016

Deployment of regional troops in Burundi may be an indispensable step to create an enabling environment for meaningful peace talks to move forward.

The Political and Security Crises in Burundi

Spotlight   published by Joseph Siegle on December 10, 2015

Africa Center Research Director Joseph Siegle testifies on the political and security crises in Burundi before U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health Policy.

Burundi: A Critical Juncture

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on November 8, 2015

The crisis in Burundi, ongoing since the April 25 announcement by President Pierre Nkurunziza to seek a third term in office, is entering into a dangerous phase. In a speech on November 3, Burundian Senate President Reverien Ndikuriyo incited ethnically-based violence: “You tell those who want to execute the mission: on this issue, you have... Continue Reading

Burundi: Why the Arusha Accords Are Central

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on August 5, 2015

At the core of Burundi’s political crisis are the Arusha Accords, widely attributed with having brought Burundi out of its 1993–2005 civil war.

Burundi: The Crisis Continues

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 26, 2015

The crisis in Burundi took a dangerous turn when, after weeks of popular protests, a group of senior army officers launched a failed coup against President Nkurunziza’s bid for a third term. Protestors have since returned to the streets and insist that demonstrations will continue until the question of the third term is resolved. One... Continue Reading

Burundi: A Multi-ethnic Political Experiment at Risk?

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 29, 2015

Demonstrators took to the streets of Bujumbura following a decision by the ruling National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD) to nominate incumbent president, Pierre Nkurunziza, as its sole presidential candidate for the upcoming polls scheduled for June 26. The attempt to stay on for a third... Continue Reading