The Dismantling of Benin’s
Democracy

The Dismantling of Benin’s DemocracyPresident Patrice Talon’s manipulation of electoral rules and cooption of democratic processes have caused Benin to slide quickly from a multi-party democracy to a semi-authoritarian regime, portending heightened instability.

African Youth Engaging in Peace and Security

African Youth Engaging in Peace and Security
Despite challenges of unemployment, corruption, entrenched political leadership, and political violence, many African youth have found constructive avenues to promote peace, effective governance, and reform.

Topic in Focus
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COVID-19 in Africa

A comprehensive listing of Africa Center analyses of the COVID-19 threat across Africa, examining key risk factors, urban landscapes, and vulnerable populations.

Djenne, Mali

The Puzzle of JNIM and Militant Islamist Groups in the Sahel

Composed of distinct operational entities, the militant Islamist group coalition Jama’at Nusrat al Islam wal Muslimeen serves the role of obscuring the operations of its component parts in the Sahel, thereby inhibiting a more robust response.

Lessons from the 1918-1919 Spanish Flu Pandemic in Africa

Lessons from the 1918-1919 Spanish Flu Pandemic in Africa

Despite important differences, colonial Africa’s experience confronting the Spanish flu a century ago provides historical lessons for the COVID-19 response today.

Topic in Focus: External Actors in Africa
France’s War in the Sahel and the Evolution of Counter-Insurgency Doctrine

France has long conducted military operations in the Sahel, from its colonial wars to its present Operation Barkhane, which deploys around 5,000 soldiers across the region. Examining the evolution of French doctrine for such missions highlights how the focus of these operations has changed from a population-centric approach meant to increase the post-colonial administration’s legitimacy, to one that focuses on security. This adaptation recognizes the limited objectives that such operations can achieve but it also presents new challenges since it relies on others for the inherently political work such operations entail.

China Promotes Its Party-Army Model in Africa

China’s party-army model, whereby the army is subordinate to a single ruling party, is antithetical to the multiparty democratic systems with an apolitical military accountable to elected leaders adopted by most African countries.