The Challenging Path to Reform in South Africa

The Challenging Path to Reform in South Africa
Despite voters’ repudiation of corrupt governance practices, the ANC remains divided in its commitment to reforms.

Assessing Attitudes of the Next Generation of African Security Sector Professionals

Assessing Attitudes of the Next Generation of African Security Sector Professionals
This study, involving 742 African security sector professionals from 37 countries, assesses differences in the attitudes, motivations, and values of the emerging generation of African security sector professionals.

Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway

Implications for Africa from China’s One Belt One Road Strategy

China’s Belt and Road Initiative forges intertwining economic, political, and security ties between Africa and China, advancing Beijing’s geopolitical interests.

African Union summit

The African Union Wavers between Reform and More of the Same

The African Union will need to overcome a lack of political will and address structural challenges if it is to be effective in responding to security crises on the continent, consistent with its founding mission.

An Overview of Africa’s 2019 Elections

An Overview of Africa’s 2019 Elections

The struggle to institutionalize legitimate and resilient democracies in Africa will be further shaped by the 2019 elections – with direct consequences for security.

Topic in Focus: Security and Development
Multilateral Damage: The Impact of EU Migration Policies on Central Saharan Routes

Migration management policies must be comprehensive and take into account the effects they will have, not just on the country of origin but also the countries of transit and destination. Trying to stop migration from and along impoverished and weakly governed countries risks negatively impacting the stability of the countries they target. Aid to authoritarian governments to help stem irregular migration, for example, has ended up supporting their repressive rule. Moreover, militias who have been simultaneously involved in smuggling and anti-smuggling have been empowered, presenting thereby further weakening the states along those routes.

Mauritanian soldier in Sahara

While migrant-smuggling in Libya has been decried for its brutality, international assistance to Libyato counter smuggling while protecting migrantshas actually inflicted further harm to migrants. When smuggling is treated as a serious crime, the more criminal and brutal of actors are encouraged rather than deterred from operating. They merely pass the risk and cost onto migrants by adding elements of trafficking or other abuses. Ending the abuse of migrants in Libya requires stabilizing, securing, and supporting Libya and all who reside there.