Peacekeeping

  • Creating Sustainable Peacekeeping Capability in Africa

    By Daniel Hampton, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, April 2014 Peacekeeping - MONUSCONearly half of all uniformed peacekeepers are African and countries like Ghana, Rwanda, Senegal, and South Africa have provided troops to UN and AU missions almost continuously over the past decade. Despite such vast experience, African peacekeepers are often reliant on international partners for training before they can deploy on these missions. Institutionalizing a capacity-building model within African defense forces is a more sustainable approach that maintains a higher level of readiness to respond to emerging crises and contingencies on the continent.

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  • The Elephant in the Room: How Can Peace Operations Deal with Organized Crime?

    elephantBy Walter Kemp, Mark Shaw, and Arthur Boutellis. International Peace Institute, June 2013. Organized crime often surges in post-conflict contexts, becoming a major source of funds for competing factions within emerging governance structures. Moreover, once organized crime becomes deeply entrenched in a post-conflict political economy, it typically delays the recovery process, weakens the political transition, and complicates peacekeeping interventions. Peace operations need to confront these dangers early by embedding more investigative and intelligence expertise in missions to better assess and track illicit activities while deploying more robust policing capacity to disrupt organized criminal networks. Read the article here.
  • Peace Operations in Africa: Lessons Learned Since 2000

    By Paul D. Williams, Africa Center for Strategic Studies | July 2013 Heal-Africa-DRC-UN Photo-Eskinder Debebe More than 50 peace operations have deployed in Africa since 2000, including multiple African-led or hybrid African Union/United Nations initiatives. The frequency of these deployments underscores the ongoing importance of these operations in the playbook of regional and multilateral bodies to prevent conflict, protect civilians, and enforce ceasefires and peace agreements. Recent operations have featured increasingly ambitious goals and complex institutional partnerships. The achievements and shortcomings of these operations offer vital lessons for optimizing this increasingly central but still evolving tool for addressing conflict and instability.

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  • Technological Innovations and Peace Operations

    New TechnologiesBy Center on International Cooperation, June 2012. The use of new technologies has the potential to bridge the gap between the official mandates of peacekeeping missions and their often overstretched capacity. Unmanned aerial vehicles, satellite imagery, nonlethal weaponry, and other technologies have greatly enhanced operational effectiveness in some missions, but they have yet to be widely adopted. To maximize the potential benefits of these technologies, peace missions will need better policy guidelines on their use, training on their operation, and more interoperable platforms. Download the article:[ENGLISH][FRANÇAIS]
  • Intelligence and Peacekeeping − Are We Winning?

    Rwandan GenocideBy André Roux. Conflict Trends, October 2008. A shortfall in the capacity to collect and analyze intelligence during peace operations often weakens a mission’s ability to implement its mandate and contributes to avoidable peacekeeper deaths and attacks on civilians. New Joint Mission Analysis Cells and similar integrated intelligence units are improving planning and force deployment in several UN missions. However, such structures remain underdeveloped, particularly in African-led missions, and available technologies such as unmanned surveillance technology should also be adopted to serve many unmet tactical level intelligence needs. Download the article: [PDF]
  • The Civilian Dimension of the African Standby Force

    AfricanunionpeacekeeperEdited by Cedric de Coning and Yvonne Kasumba. African Union Commission and ACCORD, 2010.

    The development of the Africa Standby Force (ASF) has focused predominantly on its military components. As a result, civilian staff has comprised less than one percent of mission strength in recent African peace missions, undermining the management of political processes, restoration of core government services, and other key objectives. Greater clarity and commitment to the civilian components of the ASF policy framework are needed to achieve comprehensive African peacekeeping capabilities.

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  • Enhancing Civilian Protection in Peace Operations: Insights from Africa

    UN-Africa-02By Paul Williams. Africa Center for Strategic Studies, 2010. Systematic rapes, mass displacement, and other tragedies in Africa frequently damage the credibility of peacekeeping missions and jeopardize conflict resolution efforts. Yet several successful operations to protect non-combatants demonstrate that civilian protection is indeed feasible though challenging. To fulfill their mandates and protect the legitimacy of peace processes, peace operations require clearer civilian protection concepts and must address the nuanced dynamics and resource demands of different contexts. Download the Article: [PDF]
  • The African Standby Force: An Update on Progress

    Ugandan-soldiers-African-Union-Mission-in-Somalia-AMISOMBy Jakkie Cilliers. Institute for Security Studies, 2009.A detailed update on the growth of the continental (AU) and regional (RECs) institutions designed to execute strategy and operations for the five African peace brigades. Includes information on the logistical plans, command and control, equipment, and mandates of the ASF. Download the Article: [PDF]

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