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Ending Conflict in Sudan is Crucial for Regional Stability

The longer the conflict in Sudan endures, the greater the likelihood that regional actors will sponsor rival proxy forces, accelerating the fragmentation of the armed actors on the ground and fueling a spillover of the conflict into an already highly fragile regional environment.

Sudan Conflict Straining Fragility of Its Neighbors

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 2, 2023

The conflict between Sudan’s rival military factions is triggering massive population displacements that are stressing the region’s already fragile coping systems. More than 7.2 million people have been internally displaced and almost 2.2 million have fled the country since April 15, 2023.

Financial Interests Driving Sudan’s Generals

Sudan’s warring generals are each supported by a network of financial interests. These revenues are funding the conflict, provide incentives for each side to keep fighting, and are an ongoing obstacle to Sudan’s democratic transition. Joseph Siegle talks to VOA's Africa News Tonight.

Possible End-Games in Sudan

The convulsions facing Sudan as a result of fighting between rival generals underscore the untenability of military government. Any viable end game to the current crisis, therefore, must entail the restoration of a civilian democratic government and the depoliticization of Sudan’s military actors. Joseph Siegle talks to VOA's Africa News Tonight.

Sudan Conflict Requires Civilian Engagement

Sudan has endured a military government for the past three decades leading to economic contraction, hyperinflation, and now conflict. The enduring lack of legitimacy, distrust by the population, and need for international investment to stabilize Sudan's economy makes the continuation of any form of military government in Sudan an untenable option. Sudanese civilian and civil society leaders, meanwhile, have demonstrated resiliency and have put forward a pathway for transitioning away from conflict and toward democracy. The Sudan crisis will not be resolved by military actors, therefore, but will require civilian engagement supported by international actors.

Background to the Sudan Crisis

The crisis in Sudan has been a long time in coming with rival generals repeatedly undermining the country’s democratic transition in pursuit of their political interests. In the process, they have stymied the democratic aspirations of millions of Sudanese, deepened the country’s economic contraction, and heightened Sudan’s vulnerability to the influence of malign external actors. Joseph Siegle talks to VOA's Africa News Tonight.


Topic in Focus   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 18, 2023

A collection of the Africa Center's analyses of Sudan's transition and its imperative for security sector reform.

Civilians Call for Sudan’s Military Leaders to Step Down

Civilian leaders and democracy protesters remain skeptical of both sides of Sudan’s military rivalry, which civilians attribute to military actors attempting to hang onto power at all costs. The escalating tensions between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and Rapid Support Forces (RSF) reveal competing interests, chains of command, and organizational structures. An eruption of fighting between the two military camps could plunge the country into a civil war similar to what we have seen in South Sudan. Joseph Siegle talks to VOA's Nightline.

Escalating Tensions within Sudan’s Military Government

A split within the leadership of Sudan’s military government highlights growing fissures over the military coup, reintroduction of Islamists into senior government positions, and the rebuilding of the political bloc of former dictator Omar al-Bashir. Joseph Siegle talks to VOA's Nightline.