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From the Maskani to the Mayor: The Political Economy of Heroin Markets in East and Southern Africa

Recommended research   published by Simone Haysom, ENACT on February 13, 2020

Urbanization and governance shape the political economy of heroin trafficking in Southern and East Africa. Case studies of heroin trafficking dynamics in capital cities, port towns, interior hubs, and border communities suggest that counter-trafficking efforts should strengthen cross-border intelligence sharing, combat government corruption, consider local communities, address the role of informal transport systems in the narcotics trade, and mitigate the drug trade’s role in fueling violence.

Players of Many Parts: The Evolving Role of Smugglers in West Africa’s Migration Economy

Recommended research   published by Ekaterina Golovko, Mixed Migration Center on June 30, 2019

Based on interviews with over 100 smugglers and 3,000 migrants, patterns of migrant smuggling in Mali and Niger emerge. In Niger, prior to the 2015 anti-smuggling law, smuggling networks were easy to join and fluidly linked, not always adhering to a fixed, hierarchical mode of criminal operations. Since then however, more professionalized criminal networks have consolidated market control. Most migrants reported initiating their travel without the encouragement of smugglers, but subsequently used smuggler facilitation services.

The Heroin Coast: A Political Economy Along the Eastern African Seaboard

Recommended research   published by Simone Haysom, Peter Gastrow and Mark Shaw, ENACT on June 30, 2018

African countries are among the world’s most vulnerable to and least prepared for climate change. African citizens prioritize issues that are related to climate change, such as water supply, food shortages, and agriculture. Rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns have devastated African countries that depend on agriculture. Only about 3 in 10 Africans are fully “climate change literate,” combining awareness of climate change with basic knowledge about its causes and negative effects. Building climate resilience will require commitment and coordination, backed by significant resources and a population that supports prioritizing it.

African Biodiversity Loss Raises Risk to Human Security

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on December 7, 2022

Declines in Africa’s rich ecological biodiversity threaten millions of livelihoods, increased food insecurity, conflicts over land, and transmission of zoonotic diseases that can lead to more pandemics.

Rising Sea Levels Besieging Africa’s Booming Coastal Cities

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on November 8, 2022

Rising ocean levels threaten dozens of Africa’s rapidly expanding coastal metropolises, resulting in shrinking land area, coastal flooding, more powerful storm surges, and the need for better mitigation.

Understanding the Fractured Landscape of Violent Extremism in the Lake Chad Basin

Program Materials  

This webinar takes an in-depth look at the reconfiguration of violent extremist organizations in the Lake Chad Basin, 16 months after the death of Boko Haram leader, Abubakar Shekau. The analysis considers dynamics in the groups’ composition, their objectives over time, as well as political and economic factors that have enabled them to persist.

Illegal Logging in Africa and Its Security Implications

Spotlight   published by C. Browne, Catherine Lena Kelly, and Carl Pilgram on August 12, 2022

Illegal logging is a growing feature of transnational organized crime in Africa, often facilitated by the collusion of senior officials, with far-reaching security and environmental implications for the countries affected.

Why Russia is on a Charm Offensive in Africa

Spotlight   published by Joseph Siegle on July 26, 2022

Moscow is trying to gain influence in Africa without investing in it, a strategy that can only gain traction if certain African leaders see Russia as a means to validate their own hold on power regardless of popular will.

Record 36 Million Africans Forcibly Displaced

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on July 19, 2022

Conflict continues to drive Africa’s record levels of population displacement. Africa’s 36 million forcibly displaced persons represent 44 percent of the global total.

Kenyan Elections—Another Test in the Country’s Democratic Journey

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on July 11, 2022

Kenya’s competitive presidential elections reflect hard-earned progress in establishing independent constitutional and judicial guardrails, though a history of electoral violence demands all sides show restraint.

Dr. Joel Amegboh

Bio page
Research Fellow
. Areas of Expertise: Civil-Military Relations, Countering Violent Extremism, Democratization, Sahel.