The Lessons and Limits of DDR in Africa

By Africa Center for Strategic Studies
Updated: 01/14/2013

By Prosper Nzekani Zena, Africa Center for Strategic Studies | January 2013
Ammunition Collected From Militias in Côte d'Ivoire - UN Photo/Ky Chung

With organized DDR initiatives in 10 African states, there is widespread recognition of the importance of these programs to advancing stability on the continent. Even so, these initiatives are often under-prioritized and -conceptualized, contributing to the high rates of conflict relapse observed in Africa. DDR efforts across Africa over the past decade indicate that DDR cannot substitute for measures that address core conflict drivers and is often hobbled by expedient but fragile efforts to integrate nonstate militias with a national defense force.

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