• Lessons from the Frontiers: Civilian Disarmament in Kenya and Uganda

    By Manasseh Wepundi, James Ndung‘u, and Simon Rynn, Saferworld | May 2011 uganda_irin

    Low-intensity violence, largely revolving around cattle raiding, remains a regular fact of life along the Kenya-Uganda border region. Local communities have turned to small arms and light weapons as guarantors of safety while uneven state disarmament efforts have fuelled local tensions and suspicions.  Disarmament should be politically neutral, de-emphasize coercive measures, be combined with state security initiatives, and incorporate more cross-border cooperation between Kenya and Uganda.

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  • Museveni and the 2011 Ugandan Elections: Did the Money Matter?

    By Jeffrey Controy-Krutz and Carolyn Logan, AfroBarometer | September 2011

    Following President Museveni’s resounding re-election victory, many critics noted that massive government spending on public goods and rumored vote buying as critical to his success, among other allegations of fraud and manipulation. An uninspiring opposition, sustained economic growth and an improved security situation also contributed to the strong showing of the ruling party. However, economic concerns over growth, a national government rumored to be near bankruptcy, and continuing political restrictions threaten voter satisfaction with the President’s 25-year rule.

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  • Countering the Lord’s Resistance Army in Central Africa

    By Andre LeSage, Institute for National Strategic Studies | July 2011 uganda_lra_irin

    The Lord’s Resistance Army has proven a recalcitrant insurgent threat that is able to operate over an expansive territory and regularly move between several states that struggle to control their border regions. Ending the LRA insurgency will require extensive coordination and cooperation between several governments and UN peacekeeping missions and an expanded intelligence network featuring realtime community-to-community communications to create actionable information of LRA whereabouts. Diplomatic and reconstruction efforts are also essential to reintegrate combatants and address displacement and dislocation.

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  • Oil and Gas Laws in Uganda: A Legislator’s Guide

    By Jessica Banfield, International Alert | May 2011

    With the discovery of massive oil deposits, Uganda must avoid the fate of many African countries with oil wealth: failure to convert natural resources into prosperity, poverty alleviation and widespread development. Uganda’s reserves necessitate a pre-existing legislative framework and establishing internal capacity to handle the wealth and complications of extraction. Transparent disclosure of revenues, a law-enforcement agency independent of government influence, environmental protections – with corresponding institutional capacity – and a progressive revenue collection system should be incorporated to ensure that oil benefits all Ugandans.

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  • Transitioning to Peace: A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes About Social Reconstruction and Justice in Northern Uganda

    By Phuong Pham and Patrick Vinck, Human Rights Center, University of California – Berkeley School of Law | December 2010 n_uganda

    Since the withdrawal of the Lord’s Resistance Army from Northern Uganda in 2005 security threats have waned but disputes over land and resource shortages among millions of returnees are destabilizing fragile reconstruction gains. Shifting resources to establish a stronger judiciary system and effective policing to address expanding land disputes can foster security and strengthen community bonds. International Criminal Court initiatives in the region and public remembrances of past violence are also critical reconciliation and transitional justice efforts.

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