Where Crime Compounds Conflict: Understanding Northern Mozambique’s Vulnerabilities

The port of Pemba in Mozambique's Cabo Delgado province.

The port of Pemba in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province. (Photo: Tom Rulkens)

Long before extremist violence appeared in northeastern Mozambique, the region was a haven for smuggling of illicit goods and people, all facilitated and supported by a corrupt and broken system of governance from the local to national level. Multinational corporations were invited to exploit natural gas and ruby deposits. Local communities had no voice or support from the government. Mozambique will need to engage with the communities of Cabo Delgado and respect and protect their rights.

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Security Topics:  Countering Violent Extremism