Journey to Extremism in Africa: Drivers, Incentives and the Tipping Point for Recruitment

By UN Development Program
September 7, 2017

While multidimensional poverty and a lack of education may make certain people more at risk than others to join violent extremist groups, the tipping point—that moment when a person decides to join the group—appears to be when an at-risk individual experienced a government arrest or killing of a family member or friend. This shows that state security conduct is the key to whether an individual joins a violent extremist group. Therefore, more oversight of the state security sector in terms of human rights compliance, accountability, rule of law, and civilian participation is imperative.

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Security Topics: Countering Violent Extremism