Climate Change & Security in Africa: Clear Risks, Nuanced Impacts

By Ashley McIlvain Moran, Yacob Mulugetta, and Clionadh Raleigh, Global Military Advisory Council on Climate Change
December 31, 2014

Morocco flood

(Photo: jbdodane)

Because the continent relies on climate-sensitive activities like agriculture and fishing, experts predict Africa will experience substantial losses in food production by 2050. Many African countries face multiple, concurrent security threats—contests over state power, violent conflict, corruption, weak governance—that impinge on states’ ability to meet the basic needs of their people. Climate hazards only compound the effects of these security challenges. Interventions to mitigate the effects climate factors play in conflict-related strategies would be a small but positive step in reducing the effects of these threats on human security.

Security Topics: Environment and Security