An Assessment of Climate-Induced Conflict Risks Over Shared Water Resources in Africa

By Samir A. Algamal, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
December 31, 2011

Vallee fertile du Nil a Louxor. Photo: Bionet

Nearly one fourth of people in Africa experience water stress, and over half of the continent lacks access to sanitary, sufficient amounts of water. This challenge is exacerbated by climate change, as water resources are being depleted more rapidly and rainfall has become less predictable. Countries that share river basins, lakes and aquifers experience tension over water rights. Important lessons and potential conflict resolution techniques can be derived from examining past water conflicts.

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Security Topics: Environment and Security