29 Search Results for "Islamic State" …

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African Migration Funds Criminal and Terrorist Networks

Spotlight   published by Wendy Williams on August 13, 2015

The phenomenon of migrants traversing the hostile terrain of northern Africa to Europe is not new—not the routes or the dangers. A decade ago, experts estimated that about 2,000 migrants drowned each year attempting to cross the Mediterranean and untold numbers perished in the desert. But after the collapse of the Gaddafi regime in 2011,... Continue Reading

There and Back: Trajectories of North African Foreign Fighters in Syria

Recommended research   published by Small Arms Survey on July 31, 2015

Since 2011, thousands of North African citizens have gone to Syria to join the country’s civil war. Through its research, Small Arms Survey found that North African fighters are more likely to come from countries with stable but authoritarian governments. These governments provide fewer opportunities for local expression, forcing potential fighters to look to Syria... Continue Reading

Confronting Terrorism in Tunisia

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on July 22, 2015

The shootings of tourists on a beach in the Tunisian resort town of Sousse is the second such attack since the March 18 assault on Bardo Museum in the capital city. The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) once again asserted responsibility for the attack that claimed 39 lives and injured 36, mostly foreigners.... Continue Reading

Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face, Part 4: Boko Haram

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 17, 2015

Part 1: Identity Part 2: Faultlines Part 3: Extremism Part 4: Boko Haram Part 5: Strategies for combating extremism Part 6: Military professionalism Part 7: Maritime security Part 8: Governance Boko Haram emerged in 2002 in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State in Nigeria’s Northeast Region. Initially organized as a sect under the leadership of... Continue Reading

Assessing the Terrorist Attack in Tunisia

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on March 23, 2015

The deadly terrorist attack on the Bardo museum in Tunisia on March 18 turned the global spotlight on this North African nation, which has made significant strides in consolidating democracy since its long-serving ruler, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, was ousted from power in January 2011. Noureddine Jebnoun, a professor of North Africa Studies at... Continue Reading

Ask the Expert: Dr. Hussein Solomon on Radical Islamism in Africa

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 19, 2013

Violence by Islamist insurgents in northern Nigeria and northern Mali continues to attract international attention. Boko Haram, which wants an Islamic state in religiously mixed Nigeria, has killed hundreds in gun and bomb attacks since it intensified its insurgency two years ago. Its fighters operate across northern Nigeria and in neighboring states Chad, Niger, and... Continue Reading

A Medley of Armed Groups Play on Congo’s Crisis

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on September 25, 2017

The DRC’s political crisis has galvanized and revived many of the estimated 70 armed groups currently active in the country, making the nexus between political and sectarian violence by armed militias a key feature of the DRC’s political instability.

The Illicit Superhighway: Transnational Organized Crime in Africa

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on May 22, 2017

The distinction between legitimate and illicit business in Africa is fluid due to the significant size of informal trade on the continent. At the same time, globalization has allowed organized criminal groups to link up with international networks, including violent extremists.

The Evolution of African Peacekeeping

Spotlight   published by Michael D. Rettig on May 26, 2016

Africa currently hosts over 100,000 peacekeeping personnel. Contributions by African nations are rising and are more diversified—with some big exceptions.

Extremism: Root Causes, Drivers, and Responses

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on November 20, 2015

Four of the eight ‘provinces’ or wilayat of the group’s self-declared caliphate are located in Africa Algeria, Libya, Egypt and Nigeria. While there are questions about the group’s ability to direct affiliates in a unified and coordinated campaign, those who have declared loyalty to ISIS have adopted its signature brutality. Efforts to counter violent extremism... Continue Reading