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Q&A: Lessons in Preventing Genocide in Africa since Rwanda

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on April 7, 2017

As mass atrocities increase in Africa, scholar Samantha Lakin reflects on lessons learned in the 23 years since Rwanda’s genocide that could help prevent future atrocities.

Protecting Vulnerable Populations from Genocide

Recommended research   published by Adama Dieng, UN Chronicle on December 31, 2016

The Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes describes specific risk factors that signal increases in susceptibility of a country to genocide. Awareness of the warning signs is important, for if states were to wait for an escalation in violence to meet the legal definition of genocide before acting, it would be too late to stop it. One risk factor most associated with genocide is identity-based discrimination. To prevent genocide, states must have the will to protect their citizens’ human rights and promote the rule of law. Providing a safe place for diverse peoples to coexist peacefully builds states’ resiliency.

The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass Violence

Recommended research   published by Ervin Staub on December 31, 2012

Chapter 2 in Anstey, M., Meerts, P. & Zartman, I. W. (eds.). The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. Without deep engagement, neighbors may find it easier to respond to perceived differences and devalue each other more. Humanizing the other and deep contact are... Continue Reading

A Medley of Armed Groups Play on Congo’s Crisis

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on September 25, 2017

DRC’s political crisis has galvanized and revived many of the estimated 70 armed groups currently active in the country, making the nexus between political and sectarian violence by armed militias a key feature of the DRC’s political instability.

Peacekeeping Crucial for African Stability

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on September 8, 2017

Despite their shortcomings, African peace operations have saved lives, built security sector capacity, and helped mitigate conflict—reducing pressure on international actors to become directly involved.

A Path to Justice in South Sudan

Spotlight   published by Kate Almquist Knopf on July 1, 2017

Proposed justice measures in South Sudan—including the Hybrid Court—can be pursued despite disruptions in the implementation of the peace agreement.

Wisdom from Africa on Ethical Leadership

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on May 9, 2017

Examples from Uganda, Malawi, Rwanda, and Tanzania offer lessons of how ethical leadership is central to maintaining public trust in the security sector and ultimately preserving stability and peace.

Humanitarian Need and Displacement in South Sudan

Infographic   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on March 14, 2017

A spike in political violence since mid-2016 has caused the worst humanitarian crisis in South Sudan since its decades-long civil war with Sudan.

Dismantling the Arusha Accords as the Burundi Crisis Rages On

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on March 13, 2017

Over the past two years, it has become increasingly clear that undermining the Arusha Accords, once hailed as Burundi’s best chance for peace, is a key objective of the Nkurunziza government.