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Peace and Corruption 2015: Lowering Corruption—A Transformative Factor for Peace

Recommended research   published by Institute for Economics & Peace on December 31, 2015

There is a tipping point at which once the perceived level of institutional corruption is reached, the peace experienced in a country plummets—for every slight rise in perceived corruption, a large decrease in peace follows. Most vulnerable are the institutions of security (the police and judiciary). Once a citizen believes they can no longer rely... Continue Reading

Corruption: A Major Threat to Military Effectiveness

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on September 8, 2015

Corruption contributes directly to insecurity. It has a corrosive effect on combat readiness and effectiveness, undermining the ability to meet national security threats.

Corruption and State-Corporate Crime in Fisheries

Recommended research   published by Andre Standing, Chr. Michelson Institute on July 31, 2015

In the early 2000s in Senegal, 75 percent of animal protein consumed comes from marine fisheries. Yet Russian, European, and Asian firms are increasingly overfishing in the country’s territory and threatening the sustainability of marine stocks as well as the livelihoods and food security of local Senegalese. Some of this fishing is illegal. More troublingly,... Continue Reading

Fixing a Fractured State? Breaking the Cycles of Crime, Conflict and Corruption in Mali and the Sahel

Recommended research   published by Tuesday Reitano & Mark Shaw, The Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime on April 1, 2015

Militants, terrorists, and clans have taken advantage of the weak governance in Mali and the Sahel to expand and entrench criminal networks. To properly respond to this trend the international community and Mali should institute a new conceptual framework. It will need a nuanced understanding of the actors involved and their basis in community legitimacy,... Continue Reading

Corruption and International Threats

Spotlight   published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies on October 1, 2014

ACSS hosted a public event on September 30, 2014, “Peacekeeping and Corruption: Taking Stock and Best Practices,” marking the release of Transparency International-UK’s handbook (Corruption Threats and International Missions: Practical Guidance for Leaders). The dialogue highlighted the undermining effect that corruption has on the effectiveness of peace support operations and the importance of making countering... Continue Reading

From Urban Fragility to Urban Stability

Africa Security Brief No. 35   published by Stephen Commins on June 12, 2018

The growing share of Africa's urban residents living in slums is creating a further source of fragility. However, integrated urban development strategies that link local government, police, the private sector, and youth are strengthening social cohesion and enhancing stability.

Confronting the Challenges of South Sudan’s Security Sector: A Practitioner’s Perspective

Spotlight   published by Kuol Deim Kuol on May 29, 2018

Countries emerging from conflict confront numerous challenges relating to the reform of their security sectors. Some countries succeed in addressing those challenges, are able to reform their security sector gradually, and achieve peace and stability for their people as a consequence. Other countries fail to do so, at times contributing to the recurrence of conflict.... Continue Reading

Taming the Dominant Gun Class in South Sudan

Spotlight   published by Majak D’Agoôt on May 29, 2018

A “gun class”—the fusion of security leaders with political power, class, and ethnicity—is at the heart of the predatory governance system that has taken root in South Sudan. Changing this trajectory will require redefining the roles of political and security actors.

“We Hope and We Fight”: Youth, Communities, and Violence in Mali

Recommended research   published by Mercy Corps on March 22, 2018

In-depth interviews with more than 100 youth in Northern Mali found that they join armed groups out of sense of duty or to gain respect, because they feel excluded and the government doesn’t support them, they have experienced abuse or corruption at the hands of the governments, or in hopes of joining the military. To build lasting security in the region, the Malian government, donors and NGOs should focus on violence prevention at the community level, rather than only on “at risk” youth. Improved service delivery, including mitigating the perception that security forces serve only segments of the population, and inclusive community-government decision-making would further improve local governance.

The Many Layers of the Ethiopia Crisis

Spotlight   published by Mohammed Ademo on March 20, 2018

Protests in Ethiopia are the culmination of a long-simmering series of grievances and demands for greater freedom, equity, and opportunity.

The Maghreb’s Fragile Edges

Africa Security Brief No. 34   published by Anouar Boukhars on March 19, 2018

Persistent economic and social disparities between urban centers and outlying communities present an ongoing source of instability for countries in the Maghreb.

South Africa’s Strategic Priorities for Reform and Renewal

Spotlight   published by Paul Nantulya on February 17, 2018

South Africans have high hopes that Cyril Ramaphosa will be able to deliver change to systemic state capture. However, sustained reforms in South Africa's most important national institutions are required if those hopes are to be met.