Security and Development

  • Food Insecurity and Violent Conflict: Causes, Consequences, and Addressing the Challenges

    UN Photo/Tim McKulkaBy Henk-Jan Brinkman and Cullen S. Hendrix. The World Food Programme, July 2011. Food insecurity heightens the risk of rioting and communal violence, but rarely triggers interstate conflict. Moreover, violence associated with food insecurity is more probable within states that feature authoritarian institutions, high inequality, or recent conflict, suggesting food accessibility is not a root cause of violence. Instability related to food insecurity can be best managed by mitigating food price volatility. In post-conflict states, instability associated with food insecurity can be avoided by ensuring that food assistance programs are reduced gradually rather than suddenly.  Download the Article: [PDF]
  • Conflict, Security, and Development: World Development Report - 2011

    word_developement_report_2011-2By the World Bank, 2011. One-and-a-half billion people live in areas affected by fragility, conflict, or large-scale, organized criminal violence, and no low-income fragile or conflict-affected country has yet to achieve a single United Nations Millennium Development Goal. Strengthening legitimate institutions with an aim to provide citizen security, justice, and jobs is crucial to break such cycles of violence, fragility, and weak development. Download the Article: [ENGLISH] [FRENCH]
  • Fragile States, Conflict and Chronic Poverty

    ChronicPovertyBy Chronic Poverty Relief Centre, December 2010.

    Conflict intensifies and perpetuates chronic poverty, as people lose assets, income, and access to markets and social service spending falls. Chronic poverty can also lead to conflict, particularly through social discontent and where violence offers a means of livelihood. Basic service provision aimed at the poorest and hard to reach and social protection can help increase livelihood security and lessen the potential for violence and instability.

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  • Mozambique: Balancing Development, Politics and Security

    mozambiqueBy Jeremy Astill-Brown and Markus Weimer. Chatham House, August 2010.

    Mozambique’s two decade arc of stabilization and poverty reduction are giving way to rising social discontent. Development strategies should be modified to confront newly emerging security and governance challenges. A top priority will be building legitimate state institutions that can resist a rapid rise in organized crime, reverse an increasingly constrictive political environment, and adjust economic growth plans that will likely provide few opportunities for Mozambique’s poor.

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  • Economic Drivers of Conflict and Cooperation in the Horn of Africa

    Somali_economy By Roy Love.  Chatham House, 2009.

    The four cross-border regions of the Horn of Africa exemplify a complex development-security nexus in which politics, inter-elite struggles, resource endowments, poverty and other seemingly distinct phenomena all interact. They also illuminate how local initiatives and international aid programs can enhance development and reduce conflict.

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  • Democracy and Development: Overcoming Autocratic Legacies

    Liberia's President, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (Courtesy  The World Bank  2007)Poor countries are more vulnerable to crisis, be it economic, humanitarian, or open conflict. Cross-national analysis, however, shows that the development performance of low-income democracies significantly outpaces that of autocracies – and do so with less volatility. Sustaining democratization, therefore, is a priority for attaining both development and security objectives.

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  • Investing in Peace: How Development Aid Can Prevent or Promote Conflict

    By Robert J. Muscat. M.E. Sharpe, 2002.

    The author examines nine cases in which the work of development agencies exacerbated or ameliorated the root causes of conflict. This permits some generalizations about the efficacy or deleterious effects of development programs on conflict -- and of their futility when the conflict-prevention dimension of international assistance efforts is ignored.

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