Regional and International Security Cooperation

  • From Pre-Talks to Implementation: Lessons Learned from Mediation Processes

    By Eemeli Isoaho and Suvi Tuuli, Crisis Management Initiative | May 2013 briefing on conflict in the DRCThe sudden upsurge of recent crises in South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and elsewhere in Africa underline the need for robust mediation capacities on the continent. However, this involves more than the mere dispatch of luminaries and high-level figures to meet with belligerents. According to insights from seasoned African mediators, a successful mediation effort must analyze and map all the parties to a conflict and their interests, cultivate a reputation for honesty and trustworthiness, and then devise a tailored and often multi-stage process of talks.

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  • Towards a Stronger Africa-EU Cooperation on Peace and Security: The Role of African Regional Organizations and Civil Society

    Africa-EU partnership logoBy Valérie Vicky Miranda, Nicoletta Pirozzi, Kai Schäfer, Istituto Affari Internazionali, October 2012. Despite having developed a Joint Africa-European Union Strategy, the EU and African partners have yet to optimize their cooperative relationships. The EU has focused too narrowly on the African Union while neglecting Africa’s subregional organizations and increasingly influential civil society groups. The AU has also lagged in developing cooperative frameworks with subregional bodies. Better joint coordinating mechanisms among Africa’s regional organizations and a networking initiative for civil society organizations are needed to more effectively incorporate their contributions to multilateral collaborative partnerships.

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  • Building Africa's Airlift Capacity: A Strategy for Enhancing Military Effectiveness

    BlackhawkBy Birame Diop, David Peyton, and Gene McConville. Africa Center for Strategic Studies, August 2012. Growing security threats posed by agile and maneuverable forces such as narcotics traffickers, coastal pirate gangs, and nonstate militias have underscored the critical importance of security force mobility to monitor and protect Africa's enormous land mass and more than 30,000 km of coastline. While commonly viewed as too expensive, airlift assets provide vital capabilities and multiply the effectiveness of Africa's resource-limited militaries and collective peace operations.

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  • The Role of ECOWAS in Managing Political Crisis and Conflict: The Cases of Guinea and Guinea-Bissau

    TheRoleofECOWAS-GandGBBy Gilles Olakounlé Yabi. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, September 2010.

    ECOWAS's preparations to deploy forces in Guinea-Bissau and Mali echo earlier interventions in Guinea and Guinea Bissau where the West African organization similarly demonstrated that it is willing and able to apply its resources and influence to shape political transitions and reduce tensions. However, the subregional body's interventions often lack the persistence, coordination, and wherewithal critical to realizing more complex institutional reforms at the national and subnational levels to prevent crises from recurring.

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  • The African Union’s Conflict Management Capabilities

    By Paul D. Williams, Council on Foreign Relations | October 2011 Peacekeeping - UNAMIDThe African Union’s founding documents envisaged an organization empowered to play a major role in resolving Africa’s armed conflicts. However, its practical abilities in the field of conflict management suffer from a persistent capabilities-expectations gap, falling well short of its ambitious vision. The organization can more effectively realize its goals by pursuing technical reforms in its key strategic planning offices and streamlining its partnership with the UN and Africa’s regional economic communities.

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