Natural Resources and Conflict

  • A New Frontier: Oil and Gas in East Africa

    By Control Risks, 2012 SASOL Gas Pipeline, Temane, MozambiqueRecent oil and gas discoveries from Ethiopia to Mozambique will likely generate billions of dollars in new revenues for East Africa’s governments. However, numerous red flags have emerged as Uganda steadily progresses toward production. The government has yet to enact sufficient regulatory frameworks, the president wields a heavy hand over the oil sector, and signs of corruption are clear. Working with investors, East African governments will need to avoid such missteps to ensure that new revenues do not become a source of political instability.

    Download the Report [pdf]

  • Extractive Sectors and Illicit Financial Flows: What Role for Revenue Governance Initiatives?

    Natural Gas For Sale AfricaBy Philippe Le Billon. Chr. Michelsen Institute, November 2011. Resource-rich African countries experience comparatively higher levels of illicit financial flows, which often weaken the state through substantial losses of revenues. The concentration of authority over the extractive sector, poorly negotiated contracts, and weakly regulated integration into the global economy that are common in Africa facilitate these illicit flows. New international initiatives intended to improve transparency and recover assets and revenues are filling these gaps, but more work to strengthen African tax and revenue governance can further minimize the destabilizing effects of illicit financial flows. Download the Paper: [PDF]
  • Security Implications of Climate Change in the Sahel Region: Policy Considerations

    By Philipp Heinrigs, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2010 UN Photo:WFP:Phil BehanMultiple climate change models foresee future environmental pressures in the harsh Sahel region that could trigger the collapse of community coping mechanisms, mass displacement, and regional fragility. At the same time, no deterministic relationship between environment and insecurity is apparent. Political and economic circumstances display a stronger role in the region’s conflict dynamics. However, adjustments to development strategies to prepare for uncertainty, diversify livelihood opportunities, and include vulnerable communities in decisionmaking could simultaneously address climate change challenges and reduce conflict drivers.

    Download the Article: ENGLISH | FRANÇAIS

  • Governance Strategies to Remedy the Natural Resource Curse

    digging-africaBy Joseph Siegle. International Social Science Journal. UNESCO, 2009.

    The seemingly paradoxical outcome of resource-rich countries being development-poor is, in fact, quite predictable given that autocratic governments  often rule  resource-rich states. Addressing the resource curse requires changing the incentives facing political leaders so that they are rewarded for transparency and confront robust international legal penalties when they do not. View the Article: [HTML]

Other Reads