Sahel

  • Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in the Sahel Region

    By United Nations Security Council | June 2013 AQIM leader reveals strategy States in the Sahel are facing unique security challenges as a result of the fallout from the post-Qadhafi transition in neighboring Libya and the 2012 crisis in Mali. Half a million people are estimated to have been displaced in Mali, with many fleeing across its borders, and basic health and educational services have yet to return to northern Mali’s population centers. Meanwhile, other states remain vulnerable to insecurity resulting from terrorist activities, illicit trafficking, and related organized crime. Regional organizations such as ECOWAS and the African Union as well as with other international partners are vital to overcoming the complex security and governance challenges that may overwhelm the Sahel’s fragile states if they confront them in isolation.

    Download the Report [PDF]

  • Insurrections, kidnappings and instability: Security dynamics in the Sahara/Sahel in the wake of the Libyan uprising

    By Maplecroft | February 2012 Sahel Ineffective governance, inadequate security measures and the outflow of arms from post-Qadhafi Libya are contributing to lawlessness, smuggling, kidnapping, and terrorism in the Sahel. The influx of weapons into northern Mali is fueling and will sustain the newly formed National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (NMLA) rebellion, whose operations have displaced tens of thousands into neighboring countries and is having a broadly destabilizing impact in the Sahel. Meanwhile, national governments in the region have been unable to overcome complex and contradictory aims to collaborate effectively to address these new challenges.

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  • Regional Security Cooperation in the Maghreb and Sahel: Algeria’s Pivotal Ambivalence

    By Laurence Aïda Ammour, Africa Center for Strategic Studies | February 2012 army_algeria

    Despite growing concerns across the Sahel and Maghreb over the increasing potency of al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, the diffusion of heavily armed mercenaries from Libya, the expanding influence of arms and drugs trafficking, and the widening lethality of Boko Haram, regional security cooperation to address these transnational threats remains fragmented. Algeria is well-positioned to play a central role in defining this cooperation, but must first reconcile the complex domestic, regional, and international considerations that shape its decision-making.

    Download Security Brief #18 [PDF]: ENGLISH | FRANÇAIS | PORTUGUÊS

  • Sifting Through the Layers of Insecurity in the Sahel: The Case of Mauritania

    By Cédric Jourde, Africa Center for Strategic Studies

    mauritania_armyIncreasing narcotraffic and a more active AQIM are elevating concerns over instability in the Sahel. However, the region’s threats are more complex than what is observable on the surface. Rather, security concerns are typically characterized by multiple, competing, and fluctuating interests at the local, national, and regional levels. Effectively responding to these threats requires in-depth understanding of the multiple contextual layers in which illicit actors operate.

    Download Security Brief #15 [PDF]: ENGLISH | FRANÇAIS | PORTUGUÊS

  • West Africa’s Growing Terrorist Threat: Confronting AQIM’s Sahelian Strategy

    By Modibo Goïta, Africa Center for Strategic Studies | February 2011 aqim Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has undertaken increasingly frequent and effective attacks in the past year, posing a dangerous and growing threat in Africa's Sahel region. Reversing this trend presents a particularly complex challenge as AQIM has simultaneously strengthened ties to local communities and regional criminal networks. Efforts to counter AQIM will require collaborative region-wide strategies that feature complementary security and development initiatives.

    Download Security Brief #11 [PDF]: ENGLISH | FRANÇAIS | PORTUGUÊS

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