North Africa

  • Religion and Politics in Arab Transitions

    By Barah Mikaïl, FRIDE | February 2012 The recent electoral successes of Islamist parties over their secular counterparts in North Africa is due as much to their comparatively strong record of opposition to former autocrats as it is to the appeal of their religious ideologies. Regardless, religion will not be excluded from the public sphere during this moment of political transition in the Maghreb, as even most secular parties publicly espouse religious beliefs. Rather than achieving a staunchly secular new order, North Africa’s transitioning states should focus on preventing religious segregation within emerging state institutions or making religion a central aspect of politics as opposed to a guiding principle for political parties and actors.

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  • Arab Social Media Report

    By Fadi Salem and Racha Mourtada, Dubai School of Government | January 2011

    Online social networking is changing entrepreneurship, civic participation, political activism, independent media, and more in the Arab world, particularly among the 21 million people on Facebook across 22 countries.  Even where internet penetration is low or access is restricted, eager users are finding creative ways to bypass filters or use mobile devices to enable access to social media.

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  • Protest Movements and Political Change in the Arab World

    By Marina Ottaway and Amr Hamzaway, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace | January 2011

    Levels of discontent and unrest have been growing for several years in North Africa and have coalesced into direct challenges to incumbent authoritarian regimes. Their success will be contingent on the ability of dispersed opposition groups to coordinate their efforts and link socioeconomic and political grievances as well as how incumbents choose to respond.

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  • Arab Human Development Report: Challenges to Human Security in the Arab World 2009

    By UN Development Program, Regional Bureau for Arab States | 2009

    Stability in the Arab region has been impeded by governments’ persistent focus on state-centric concepts of security. Infrastructure development, good governance, poverty alleviation, and other crosscutting human development issues are equally if not more important to state security and their absence pose a threat to the Arab region.

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