• From Violence to Moderation: Al-Jama‘a al-Islamiya and al-Jihad

    By Amr Hamzawy and Sarah Grebowski. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, April 2010. Recognizing that violence has failed to achieve political change has led al-Jama’a al-Islamiya and segments of al-Jihadi to renounce violence and redefine their attitudes toward the state and society, shifting the Islamist spectrum toward moderation. However, the continued imprisonment of prominent Islamists and the government’s restrictions on others’ participation in political and social life remain obstacles to an emerging moderate Islamist agenda. Download the Paper: [PDF]
  • Egypt Security Sector Reforms

    By Mohamed Kadry Said and Noha Bakr. Arab Reform Initiative, February 2011. Security sector reform is among the important priorities facing Egypt’s political transformation. Restructuring within Egypt’s military, police, Central Security Forces, and the General Intelligence Service is needed to maintain the security sector’s popular support and credibility. Egypt’s emerging democratic state will require security forces that are accountable to elected civilian authorities, respectful of citizens, and adaptive and collaborative so as to confront novel threats.
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  • Democratization in Egypt: The Potential Role of Decentralization

    By Jamie Boex. Urban Institute Center on International Development and Governance, February 2011. Decentralization in Egypt could provide a substantial opportunity for democratization and improved responsiveness in Egypt’s public sector. While initiated under the Mubarak regime, reforming the hierarchical and bureaucratic nature of local administration has the potential to result in a more efficient allocation of resources and should remain a priority as a civilian government structure is reconstituted. Download the Brief: [PDF]