Côte d’Ivoire

  • Addressing Côte d'Ivoire's Deeper Crisis

    Abidjan-webBy Thierno Mouctar Bah. Africa Center for Strategic Studies, March 2012.

    Although Côte d'Ivoire's traumatic post-election standoff has been resolved, legacies of a national identity crisis fostered during ten years of exploitation of ethnic and regional divisions have left this strategic West African country vulnerable to further instability. Avoiding this will require constructive engagement from Côte d'Ivoire's neighbors. International partners' assistance is also needed to build stronger national institutions, particularly a more independent electoral commission and professional military, as well as reinforcement of traditional reconciliation mechanisms.

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  • Education and Conflict in Côte d’Ivoire

    By Joseph Sany. U.S. Institute of Peace, April 2010. The Ivorian education system has been both victim and agitator of conflict. Conflict has severely weakened it, leaving fewer productive outlets and opportunities for the country’s large youth population. However, years of undue political influence in the system promoted conflict-prone thinking. Unified and inclusive curricula that prioritize women’s education and the development of northern Ivorian schools would improve national educational capacity and reverse previously biased and polarizing programs. Download the Article: [PDF]
  • From Miracle to Nightmare: An Institutional Analysis of Development Failures in Côte d’Ivoire

    By Brian Klaas. Africa Today, Fall 2008. Côte d’Ivoire’s democratic opening in 1990 lacked functioning accountability mechanisms, allowing a network of political, business, and military elites to exploit ethnic politics and perpetuate violence and instability for their own financial and electoral gains. To better link elite prosperity to peace and unity rather than violence and division, reforms that require financial disclosure of government officials, prohibit and prosecute ethnic militias, and expand eligibility for political participation are needed. Download the Article: [PDF]
  • The Security Sector in Côte d'Ivoire: A Source of Conflict and a Key to Peace

    By Arthur Boutellis. International Peace Institute, May 2011. Côte d'Ivoire's security forces tripled in size in the last ten years, an increase which has been accompanied by the growing political influence of uniformed men. Security sector reform will therefore be priority in stabilizing Côte d'Ivoire's democratic transition. However, efforts must go beyond standard disarmament or reunification objectives and focus on developing, through broad-based consultation, a new security architecture that changes the relationship among politicians, security institutions, and the population. The sustainability and success of any program will be incentivizing willing support from security personnel, many of whom are convinced that they stand to lose from any changes. Download the Article: [PDF]

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