• Refining Relations: Chad’s Growing Links with China

    By Romain Dittgen and Daniel Large. South African Institute for International Affairs, June 2012. Since the World Bank ended its involvement in the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline project in 2008 over Chad’s diversion of oil profits away from social and development projects, China has become an important political and economic player in Chad with major investments in the hydrocarbon sector. It has also supported the construction of a highway and cement plant and plans a regional railway and an international airport. This relationship could yield some benefits, but critics worry about Chad’s preference for “showy” infrastructure projects rather than poverty reduction investments. Continuing oil revenues are also vital to Chad’s ability to meet promises on low energy prices and other raised public expectations. Already high, China’s role and influence in Chad will likely further increase. Download the article: [PDF]
  • Africa Without Qadhafi: The Case of Chad

    By International Crisis Group. October 2011. Chad faces new challenges in its relationship with post-Qadhafi Libya. It is viewed suspiciously in Libya, a product of past conflicts and its alleged support for the Qadahfi regime during its final months. However, Chad is a source of labor and resources for Libya, which holds significant investments in Chad. Arms trafficking and militia activity have also surged along their shared border, so instability in either country would quickly ripple into the other. Chad is eager to cooperate with the new Libyan government and ease any ill will. The country has strengthened military patrols in border regions, but it needs to address the presence of militia groups in Chad that threaten Libya and other neighbors. Download the article: [PDF]
  • Chad: Escaping from the Oil Trap

    By International Crisis Group, 2009. This ICG report explores why the discovery of oil has led to growing authoritarianism in Chad instead of improving the lives of its citizens. The report looks at the backlash to the World Bank’s sanctions in response to the Chadian government’s backtracking on the agreed framework, which included the Committee of Control and Supervision of Oil Revenues (CCSRP in French). The report recommends both a domestic and international response to the oil problem in Chad. This includes transparency, strengthening of internal control mechanisms, providing technical support to civil society and pressure from France, the US and China to encourage national dialogue. Download the Brief in: [ENGLISH][FRANÇAIS]
  • Towards Resolving Chad’s Interlocking Conflicts

    By Sarah Bessell and Kelly Campbell. USIP, 2008. According to this USIP report, the difficulty in resolving the Chadian conflict is partly due to the fact that it has always been viewed through the lens of the situation in Darfur. This approach has contributed to difficulties in finding a negotiated settlement. The Sudanese government’s continuous support for Chadian renegade groups with no political agenda exacerbates the already tense relations between the two governments and has contributed to the deplorable humanitarian and security situation. In addressing these concerns, the authors recommend a multifaceted approach, which includes coordination of in-country security activities among the UN, EUFOR and MINUCART. A pledge by both governments to end hostilities and material support for rebel groups should also be enforced. Download the Article: [PDF]