Central African Republic

  • “They Came To Kill”: Escalating Atrocities in the Central African Republic

    Human Rights Watch | December 2013 — The rise of Christian militias in response to the atrocities committed by Muslim Seleka forces in 2013 has led to an escalation of violence in the Central African Republic. This report documents large-scale abuses committed by Christian anti-Balaka (“anti-machete”) militias and their consequences, which range from internal displacement to the interruption of medical care and education. The transitional government must cooperate with French and African Union troops as well as humanitarian agencies in order to shield civilian populations from further militia abuses and conflict.

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  • Central African Republic: Better Late Than Never

    International Crisis Group | December 2013 — The near total collapse of the state in the Central African Republic has left nearly half the population in need of assistance and triggered intense inter-religious violence. With a precarious order in place following a robust French military intervention, considerable challenges to resolving this crisis remain. To begin reestablishing the rule of law, the new transitional regime must work closely with international partners to speed the provision of humanitarian aid to the population. Securing the country’s main roads will also help reduce intercommunal clashes. In the medium term, authorities will have to work on interfaith reconciliation, investigating human rights violations, and a transition to an elected, legitimate government.

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  • State Fragility in the Central African Republic: What Prompted the 2013 Coup?

    By Siân Herbert, Nathalia Dukhan, and Marielle Debos, GSDRC | July 2013 map of Central African RepublicThe Central African Republic’s history since independence has featured numerous military coups and toppled governments. This cycle has persisted due to the failure to fairly implement several inclusive dialogues and reconciliation processes, most recently in 2003, 2008, and 2013, which motivated groups to resort to arms and dashed their faith in negotiations. Unsurprisingly, then, in 2013 an alliance of militias from the northeastern part of the country overthrew the government dominated by allies of now-ousted President Bozizé, who received extensive support from Chad and other foreign governments. However, an ensuing power vacuum poses a more complex stabilization challenge while a variety of undisciplined militias and combatants are suspicious of offers of concessions or compromise.

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  • Dangerous Little Stones: Diamonds in the Central African Republic

    By International Crisis Group. 2010. The Central African Republic’s diamond sector is increasingly used to enrich elites and reinforce current political leaders rather than alleviate poverty and inequality. In particular, recent laws grant the president exclusive control over the granting of concessions and mining rights. This has expanded the number of dangerous illegal mines, incentivized smuggling and corruption, and fueled ethnic divisions, setting the stage for armed groups to easily recruit new members. By reforming the diamond sector, the government can avoid a worsening “conflict diamonds” scenario. Wider application of international accountability mechanisms such as the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative coupled with the strengthening of artisanal miners’ unions could avoid a downward cycle of conflict. Download the article: [PDF]

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