Building Police Institutions in Fragile States: Case Studies from Africa

South Sudan Inspector General of Police LtGen Acuil Tito Madut 1000x405

South Sudan Inspector General of Police LtGen Acuil Tito Madut. Photo: Ranjit Bhaskar.

In sub-Saharan Africa the police sector is often an underperforming institution, typically because of low resources or politicized leadership. The resulting insecurity harms government legitimacy and frustrates entrepreneurship and economic growth. African security partners can better counter this dynamic by drawing lessons from police sector reform in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and South Sudan. These cases show that locally trusted, sustainable programs outperform broad institutional change efforts.

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Security Topics: Police Sector Reform