By Paula Roque. Institute for Security Studies. June 2011.
The MPLA, Angola’s preponderant ruling party, has begun to demonstrate some fragmentation into four conflict-prone factions. Shadow-structures of government control developed by the party’s highest leaders as well as access to lucrative oil revenues and support of the nation’s powerful intelligence services may allow the MPLA to continue to rule Angola despite forthcoming changes in MPLA leadership. However, managing an ever-expanding patronage network has strained the shadow government’s resources, introducing new incentives and opportunities for reform in Angola’s opaque political structure.
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