A persistent challenge in stabilizing post civil conflict contexts is the integration of nonstate militias with government military forces. The process requires former enemies to sacrifice the instruments perceived as their greatest guarantee of security. Meanwhile, individual combatants often view the integration process as a threat or opportunity to their livelihoods. Past successes have often involved merging forces into an entirely new institutional structure, and careful attention to the economic incentives of combatants has prevented instability during reform implementation.
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