Counting the Costs of Somali Piracy
By Raymond Gilpin. United States Institute of Peace, 2009.
Piracy off the coast of Somalia is driven by complex inter-clan politics, poverty, and business networks. U.S. and EU interdiction efforts have focused on military responses and maritime surveillance platforms – missing many of these underlying factors. Paradoxically, successful anti-piracy measures may inadvertently weaken clans that regularly resist the expansion of Islamic extremist groups that threaten their regions. [PDF]
The New Piracy: Three Contexts
By Rob de Wijk, David M. Anderson, and Steven Haines. Survival, 2010.
Piracy in the Horn of Africa, the Gulf of Guinea, and the Mozambique Channel has grown more sophisticated and violent as governance weaknesses ashore go unaddressed. Rather, the problem grows more challenging as groups elsewhere seek to duplicate the success of non-state actors in Somalia, Nigeria, and other hotbeds, where piracy is becoming increasingly embedded in local politics and business. [PDF]
Fish, Family, and Profit; Piracy and the Horn of Africa
By Gary E.Weir. Naval War College Review, 2009.
An up-to-date primer on piracy in the Horn of Africa. A readable recent history of the evolution of the piracy industry, as well as an interesting section on how to make “human network” cooperation among regional and state actors work. [PDF]