Organized Crime in South Africa
By STRATFOR | 2008
An in-depth analysis of the history, structure, and geography of organized crime in South Africa. While cognizant of the tremendous strides the South African government has made from the apartheid days when organized crime formed a key role in many industries, the article emphasizes the continued attraction of South Africa as an attractive destination for organized crime.
‘Shadow Networks’ and Conflict Resolution in the Great Lakes Region of Africa
By Laurence Juma, African Security Review | 2007
This paper explores the limitations of international legal regimes in combatting illicit trade networks and suggests some improvements aimed at increasing their effectiveness at reducing conflict in the region. Focuses on the case of the ‘conflict network’ phenomenon in the Congo War.
West Africa Under Attack: Drugs, Organized Crime and Terrorism as the New Threats to Global Security
By Amado Philip de Andrés, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime | 2008
The author provides an overview on the current situation in West Africa with regard to drug trafficking, organized crime (human trafficking, diamond trade and its link with terrorism financing) and terrorism. Discusses the symptoms and effects of drugs, organized crime, and terrorism in West Africa with emphasis porous borders. The article uses statistics to illustrate threats to security in West Africa and beyond.
Irregular Warfare: Brazil’s Fight Against Criminal Urban Guerrillas
By Gen. (ret.) Alvaro de Souza Pinheiro, Joint Special Operations University | 2009
Brazilian urban criminal groups are large and highly organized with sophisticated command-and-control. In several neglected urban slums they now overshadow the state’s presence and assume de facto authority over both legal and illegal activities. Brazil’s experiences offer useful lessons as urbanization, crime, and illicit trafficking increasingly shape Africa’s security threats.
The Case of Ghana
By Kwesi Aning, Global Crime | 2007
Original, thought-provoking research by the director of the Kofi Annan Peacekeeping Training Centre in Accra. The author takes an in-depth look at three types of organized crime: computer crime, drug trafficking, and weapons trafficking and presents the initial results of an empirically based KAIPTC study on these three areas in Ghana. It concludes with an engaging, well-written conclusion about how such activities potentially undermine public institutions like the police, customs, and judiciary in Ghana. Finally, it places these types of organized crime in the context of the cultural norms of a Ghanaian society that for the most part has accepted these activities due to the social welfare roles played by those involved in such crimes.